# This problem deals with the effects of a price control (or a price ceiling). Suppose that the market demand curve is given by P = 6- (1/1000)Q and that the marketsupply curve is given by P 1(1/1000)Q. Note that, in doing the calculations below, it's easier to leave the (1/1000) factors as is without converting to a decimalSubstituting this solutionback into the demand function, the equilibrium price is P (put two digits after the decimal point). Suppose that the market demand comes from adding up thea) Set the P values equal using the above formulas, and solve for the equilibrium quantity in the market. This quantity is given by Qdemands of 1000 identical consumers. Using the above Q solution, individual consumption at the market equilibrium is equal tounits (put one digit after thedecimal point)b) Now suppose the government institutes a price control, setting the price of the good at P 2. At this price, the quantity supplied equalsunits (set P 2 in thesupply formula and solve for Q). The quantity demanded equals units (set P 2 in the demand formula and solve for Q). With 1000 consumers, each individual'sdesired purchase is then equal tounits.units, so that everyone's consumption desires cannot be satisfied. Suppose that consumers get in line to buy thec) Excess demand in the market is equal togood, with consumers buying their desired quantity until the good runs out. Using the answers from part (b), you can conclude thatconsumers get to purchaseconsumers get nothing (these are the people still in line when the supply runs out)their desired quantity, while

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Step 1

Demand function is given:

Step 2

a) The equilibrium quantity can be calculated by equating the above functions.

Step 3

Hence, the equilibrium quantity is 2500 units.

Substituting the q...

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