Question

Tom has built a large slingshot, but it is not working quite right. He thinks he can model the slingshot like an ideal spring with a spring constant of 65.0 N/m.65.0 N/m. When he pulls the slingshot back 0.235 m0.235 m from a nonstretched position, it just does not launch its payload as far as he wants. His physics professor "helps" by telling him to aim for an elastic potential energy of 17.0 J.17.0 J. Tom decides he just needs elastic bands with a higher spring constant. By what factor does Tom need to increase the spring constant to hit his potential energy goal? During a follow‑up conversation, Tom's physics professor suggests that he should leave the slingshot alone and try pulling the slingshot back further without changing the spring constant. How many times further than before must Tom pull the slingshot back to hit the potential energy goal with the original spring constant?

Step 1

**Given:**

Spring constant of the spring = 65 N/m

Required elastic potential energy = 17 J

Initial stretch in the length of the spring = 0.235 m

Step 2

Calculating how many time more he should stretch in o...

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