Using Confidence Intervals to Test Hypotheses When analyzing the last digits of telephone numbers in Port Jefferson, it is found that among 1000 randomly selected digits, 119 are zeros. If the digits are randomly selected, the proportion of zeros should be 0.1. a. Use the critical value method with a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the proportion of zeros equals 0.1. b. Use the P -value method with a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the proportion of zeros equals 0.1. c. Use the sample data to construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the proportion of zeros. What does the confidence interval suggest about the claim that the proportion of zeros equals 0.1? d. Compare the results from the critical value method, the P-value method, and the confidence interval method. Do they all lead to the same conclusion?

Question

Using Confidence Intervals to Test Hypotheses When analyzing the last digits of telephone numbers in Port Jefferson, it is found that among 1000 randomly selected digits, 119 are zeros. If the digits are randomly selected, the proportion of zeros should be 0.1.

a. Use the critical value method with a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the proportion of zeros equals 0.1.

b. Use the P -value method with a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the proportion of zeros equals 0.1.

c. Use the sample data to construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the proportion of zeros. What does the confidence interval suggest about the claim that the proportion of zeros equals 0.1?

d. Compare the results from the critical value method, the P-value method, and the confidence interval method. Do they all lead to the same conclusion?

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