Principles of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text

5th Edition

ISBN: 9781133104261

Author: Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Consider the three displacement vectors A=(3i3j)m, B=(i4j)m, and C=(2i+5j)m. Use the component method to determine (a) the magnitude and direction of the vector D=A+B+C and (b) the magnitude and direction of E=AB+C.

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Check your Understanding A blue fly lands on a sheet of graph paper a point located 10.0 cm to the right of its left edge and 8.0 cm above its bottom edge and walks slowly to a point located 5.0 cm from the left edge and 5.0 cm from the bottom edge. Choose the rectangular coordinate system with the origin at the lower left-side comet of the paper and find the displacement vector of the fly. Illustrate your solution by graphing.

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Given two displacement vectors A=(3.00i-4.00j-4.00K)m and B=(2.00i+3.00j-7.00K)m , find the displacements and their magnitudes for (a) C=A+B and (b) D=2AB .

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Suppose you walk 18.0 m straight west and then 25.0 m straight north. How far are you from your starting point? What is your displacement vector? What is the direction of your displacement? Assume the +x -axis is horizontal to the right.

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A fly enters through an open window and zooms around the room. In a Cartesian coordinate system with three axes along three edges of the room, the fly changes its position from point b(4.0m,1.5m,2.5m) to point e(1.0m,4.5in,0.5m) . Find the scalar components of the fly’s displacement vector and express its displacement vector in vector component form. What is its magnitude?

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The following figure shows a triangle formed by the three vectors A , B , and C . If vector C is drawn between the midpoints of vectors A and B , show that C=C/2

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Assuming the +x-axis is horizontal to the right for the vectors in the preceding figure, find (a) the component of vector Aalong vector C , (b) the component of vector Calong vector A , (c) the component of vector i along vector F , and (d) the component of vector Falong vector i .

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Assuming the +x-axis is horizontal to the right for the vectors in the previous figure, find the following vector products: AC , (b) AF , (c) DC , (d) A(F+2C) , (e) iB , (f) jB , (g)

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Check Your understanding Three displacement vectors A , B , and F in (Figure 2.13) are specified by their magnitudes A=10.0,B=7.0 and F=20.00 , respectively, and by their respective direction angles with the horizontal direction =35,=110 , and =110 . The physical units of the magnitudes are centimeters. Use the analytical method to find vector G=A+2BF . Verify that G=28.15cm and that G=68.65 . The three displacement vectors A , B , and C in Figure are specified by their magnitudes A=10.0,B=7.0 and C=8.0 , respectively, and by their respective direction angles with the horizontal direction =35,=110 , and =30 . The physical units of the magnitudes are centimeters. Choose a convenient scale and use a ruler and a protractor to find the following vector sums: (a) R=A+B , (b) D=AB , and (c) S=A3B+C .

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Assuming the +x -axis is horizontal and points to the tight, resolve the vectors given In the following figure to their scalar components and express them in vector component form.

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An adventurous dog strays from home, runs three blocks east, two blocks north, and one block east, one block north, and two blocks west. Assuming that each block Is about a 100 yd, use the analytical method to find the dog’s net displacement vector, its magnitude, and Its direction. Assume the +x-axis is to the east. How would your answer be affected if each block was about 100 m?

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Consider the three displacement vectors = (−2î − 3ĵ) m, = (4î − 5ĵ) m, and = (−6î + 5ĵ) m.
Use the component method to determine the following. (Take the +x direction to be to the right.
WHY IS THE ANGLE INCCORECT? NOT IN THE CORRECT QUADRANT?

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