Asked Aug 1, 2019

What aspects of mitosis are different in plant cells than animal cells, and why?


Expert Answer

Step 1

Mitosis is a type of cell division, where a single cell divides to form two identical copies of daughter cells.  

Step 2

Both plant and animal cells undergo mitotic cell divisions. However, the main difference between the plant and animal mitotic cell division is in what way they form the daughter cells during cytokinesis. During cytokinesis process, in animal cells, motor proteins like actin and myosin contract the cell membrane at a spot known as cleavage furrow. Ultimately, membrane fusion cleaves the cells into two daughter cells. In contrast, due to the presence of a rigid cell wall, plant cells fail to form furrows rather they form cell plate at the middle part of the dividing cells. As a result, two daughter cells are formed.

Moreover, animal cells po...

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