Asked Mar 14, 2019

what is all the parts of the cell (all of them-bacterial, animal, and plant) and their functions including how some of them are created like th lysosome from the golgi and rer?

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Step 1

The question asks about the parts of the cell (bacterial, animal, and plant) and their functions. The production of lysosomes from Golgi bodies and RER.

Step 2

The cell is the basic unit of life. A cell contains important components that are known as cell organelles. Each cell organelle performs a particular function for the proper working of a cell.

Step 3

Following are the parts of the cell along with their functions:

  1. Plasma membrane: It is present in both animal and plant cell. It is selectively permeable. It permits the substances in and out of the cell. It permits the transport of substances by the process of diffusion and osmosis. It encloses the cell contents and provides shape to the cell.
  2. Cell wall: It is present in bacterial and plant cell. It is hard and rigid. It is made up of peptidoglycan in bacteria and cellulose in the plant. It provides protection and shape to the cell. It maintains the turgidity of the cell.
  3. Cytoplasm: It is a viscous, colloidal, and jelly-like fluid material present inside the cell. It contains about 80-90% of water which has organic and inorganic compounds. It has enzymes which are responsible for all the metabolic activities occurring inside the cell.
  4. Nucleus: It is a double membrane organelle. It is found only in a eukaryotic cell. It contains nucleolus, DNA, RNA, protein, and chromatin material. It is helpful in cell division and regulation of cell activities.
  5. Mitochondria: It is a double membrane organelle. It is an autonomous body as it contains its own DNA. It is therefore self-duplicating. It is the main site of aerobic respiration. It stores energy in the form of ATP molecules. Therefore, it is also known as the powerhouse of the cell.
  6. Golgi Bodies: These originate from the rough endoplasmic reticulum. These bears sac-like vesicles and cisternae. It bears two faces: cis face and trans face. It plays a significant role in packaging, modification, and transport of substances. It is u...

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