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What is the function of citrate in cellular respiration?


What is the function of citrate in cellular respiration?

Step 1

Cellular respiration is the metabolic process that takes place inside the cell. In this, the cells release energy from the chemical bonds of food molecules. This release of energy from food molecules results in the formation of ATP. ATP is the energy used by the cell for many metabolic processes. Cellular respiration can be anaerobic or aerobic, based on the presence of oxygen.  

Step 2

The cellular respiration involves fours stages, glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation. In glycolysis, glucose is cleaved to form two molecules of pyruvate and ATP. Further, this pyruvate is oxidized to form acetyl-CoA by the pyruvate oxidation reaction. The acetyl-CoA then takes part in the citric acid cycle. The citric acid cycle produces 2 molecules of ATP, 8 molecules of NADH and 2 molecules of FADH2 per molecule of glucose. NADH and FADH2 take part...

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