Asked Apr 21, 2019

What is the target for the antibiotics such as Chloramphenicol, Oxazolidones, Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Rifamycin?


Expert Answer

Step 1

It is required to identify the targets for the antibiotics like Chloramphenicol, Oxazolidones, Isoniazid, Ethambutol, and Rifamycin.

Step 2

The antimicrobial drugs are used to treat bacterial, fungal and parasitic diseases or infections.

Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum antibiotic derived from Streptomyces venezuelae and acts by interfering with the protein synthesis of the bacteria and is bacteriostatic. Chloramphenicol is effective against Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, Nisseria species, Heamophilus influenza. This is used in treatment of conjunctivitis, meningitis, typhoid fever, cholera and other plague.

Step 3

Oxazolidones comprises of the member Linezolid class and is effective against the gram positive bacteria which are resistant towards other antibiotics such as vancomycin-resistant enterococci, Streptococci and methicilin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It can be used for treating various infections such as drug resistant tuberculosis, liver diseases and poor functioning of the liver. It is a protein synthesis inhibitor and suppresses bacterial...

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Solutions are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. Questions are typically answered within 1 hour.*

See Solution
*Response times may vary by subject and question.
Tagged in



Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you
Show more Q&A

Q: Explain the importance and give examples of the pancreatic secretions

A: The pancreas is located in the abdominal cavity, inferior to the stomach. It has both endocrine and ...


Q: Describe how the smallpox virus spread, the symptoms, and what is unique about the disease.

A: The question asks about the spread, symptoms and unique about the smallpox disease.


Q: How is a plaque similar to a bacterial colony? 3

A: The bacteriophage viruses replicate and spread over a cell culture by producing cell destruction reg...


Q: The molecule below is ATP.  If you were to buy radioactively labeled ATP to use in making radiolabel...

A: Click to see the answer


Q: the raising these fish? To solve some of the problems with farming salmon, scientists produced genet...

A: Click to see the answer


Q: You find a population of spotted salamanders that previous researchers have determined is in Hardy-W...

A: The Hardy-Weinberg equation is a mathematical equation that can be used to calculate the genetic var...


Q: What stage of infection did the chloroquine treat?

A: Chloroquine is a very popular antimalarial drug available in the market. It is highly effective agai...


Q: What is one of the common misconceptions about human evolution?

A: However, modern evolutionary theory rejects this notion and states that humans and monkeys share a c...


Q: Biology Question please answer

A: In a true breeding experiment where the parents are homozygous, the offspring or children produced i...