Asked Jan 30, 2019

which portions of a bacterial cell aid the ability to a bacterium to cause infections?


Expert Answer

Step 1

The question is about the structure of bacteria which helps in causing infections.

Step 2

Bacteria are prokaryotic organisms, that are comprised of a single cell with a very simple internal structure. These are single-celled and microscopic organisms which can survive in different environments.

Step 3

The structural parts of a bacteria which possess the ability to cause infection are Fimbriae and Capsule.

Fimbriae (singular-fimbria): These are the short hair-like fibers on the bacterial cell surface. Fimbriae help a bacterial cell in adhesion or sticking to a surface. Pathogenic bacteria possess the adhesions on the fimbriae. It permits them to attach to the target host cells and tissues.

Capsule: Some b...

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