# Zero, a hypothetical planet, has a mass of 4.1 x 1023 kg, a radius of 3.0 x 106 m, and no atmosphere. A 10 kg space probe is to be launched vertically from its surface. (a) If the probe is launched with an initial kinetic energy of 5.0 x 107 J, what will be its kinetic energy when it is 4.0 x 106 m from the center of Zero? (b) If the probe is to achieve a maximum distance of 8.0 x 106 m from the center of Zero, with what initial kinetic energy must it be launched from the surface of Zero?

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Zero, a hypothetical planet, has a mass of 4.1 x 1023 kg, a radius of 3.0 x 106 m, and no atmosphere. A 10 kg space probe is to be launched vertically from its surface. (a) If the probe is launched with an initial kinetic energy of 5.0 x 107 J, what will be its kinetic energy when it is 4.0 x 106 m from the center of Zero? (b) If the probe is to achieve a maximum distance of 8.0 x 106 m from the center of Zero, with what initial kinetic energy must it be launched from the surface of Zero?

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Step 1

Write the formula for the gravitational potential energy.

Step 2

(a)

Consider r be the distance from the center to the surface and R be the distance from the center to the final position.

From conservation of energy.

Step 3

Substitute the known val...

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