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When researchers say that a scientific hypothesis must be falsifiable, they mean that: a. the hypothesis must be proved correct before it is accepted astruth. b. the hypothesis has already withstood many experimentaltests. c. they have an idea about what will happen to one variable ifanother variable changes. d. appropriate data can prove without question that thehypothesis is correct. e. if the hypothesis is wrong, scientists must be able todemonstrate that it is wrong.

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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305389892
BuyFind

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305389892

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 1, Problem 10TYK
Textbook Problem
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When researchers say that a scientific hypothesis must be falsifiable, they mean that:

a. the hypothesis must be proved correct before it is accepted astruth.

b. the hypothesis has already withstood many experimentaltests.

c. they have an idea about what will happen to one variable ifanother variable changes.

d. appropriate data can prove without question that thehypothesis is correct.

e. if the hypothesis is wrong, scientists must be able todemonstrate that it is wrong.

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

Introduction:

Hypothesis can be defined as an explanation for a scientific problem, phenomenon, or an observation, which can be further investigated. Along with hypothesis, scientists also defined a null hypothesis either implicitly or explicitly. A null hypothesis is defined as the statement given by scientists if the tested hypothesis is not correct.

Explanation of Solution

Justification for the correct answer:

Option (e) is “if the hypothesis is wrong, scientists must be able to demonstrate that it is wrong.” This option is correct as the hypothesis structure says that it must be falsifiable by further observation or experimentation. A hypothesis is designed in such a way that if it is wrong, then they will be able to demonstrate that it is wrong. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

Justifications for the incorrect answers:

Option (a) is “the hypothesis must be proved correct before it is accepted as truth.” It is false because if the hypothesis is correct, then it is referred to as a theory. However, being falsifiable does not mean that it is correct...

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