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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is wrong with each of the following attempts name a cycloalkane using IUPAC rules?

  1. a. Dimethylcyclohexane
  2. b. 3,4-Dimethylcyclohexane
  3. c. 1-Ethylcyclobutane
  4. d. 2-Ethyl-1-methylcyclopentane

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The wrong thing with the given name of cycloalkane has to be given using IUPAC rules.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

The IUPAC name for cycloalkane can be obtained simply by adding prefix cyclo- before the alkane name which corresponds to the total number of carbon atoms that are present in the ring.  To name a cycloalkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain that makes a cyclic ring without any unsaturation.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the cyclic ring structure.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

Explanation

Dimethylcyclohexane is the name for a cycloalkane where the parent is cyclohexane and the substituents are two methyl groups.  As there are two methyl groups, the point of attachment ha...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The wrong thing with the given name of cycloalkane has to be given using IUPAC rules.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

The IUPAC name for cycloalkane can be obtained simply by adding prefix cyclo- before the alkane name which corresponds to the total number of carbon atoms that are present in the ring.  To name a cycloalkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain that makes a cyclic ring without any unsaturation.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the cyclic ring structure.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The wrong thing with the given name of cycloalkane has to be given using IUPAC rules.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

The IUPAC name for cycloalkane can be obtained simply by adding prefix cyclo- before the alkane name which corresponds to the total number of carbon atoms that are present in the ring.  To name a cycloalkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain that makes a cyclic ring without any unsaturation.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the cyclic ring structure.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The wrong thing with the given name of cycloalkane has to be given using IUPAC rules.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry).  IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule.  It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc.

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

The IUPAC name for cycloalkane can be obtained simply by adding prefix cyclo- before the alkane name which corresponds to the total number of carbon atoms that are present in the ring.  To name a cycloalkane, the first step is to find the longest carbon chain that makes a cyclic ring without any unsaturation.  The next step is to identify the substituents that are present in the cyclic ring structure.  The numbering has to be given in a way that the substituents get the least numbering.

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