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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

To which carbon atoms in a hexane molecule can each of the following alkyl groups be attached without extending the longest carbon chain beyond six carbons?

  1. a. Ethyl
  2. b. Isopropyl
  3. c. Isobutyl
  4. d. tert-Butyl

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The carbon atoms in hexane molecule where an ethyl group can be substituted without extending the longest carbon chain beyond six carbons has to be identified..

Explanation

Given molecule is hexane.  It is a six carbon linear alkane.  The structure can be given as,

When substitution of ethyl group in first carbon atom takes place, the longest carbon chain gets extended beyond six carbon atoms.  This can be shown as given below,

When substitution of ethyl group in second carbon atom takes place, the longest carbon chain gets extended beyond six carbon atoms.  This can be shown as given below,

When substitution of ethyl group in third carbon atom takes place, the longest carbon chain does not get extended beyond six carbon atoms...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The carbon atoms in hexane molecule where an isopropyl group can be substituted without extending the longest carbon chain beyond six carbons has to be identified..

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The carbon atoms in hexane molecule where an isobutyl group can be substituted without extending the longest carbon chain beyond six carbons has to be identified..

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The carbon atoms in hexane molecule where a tert-butyl group can be substituted without extending the longest carbon chain beyond six carbons has to be identified..

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