BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Using IUPAC rules, name the following “complex” five-carbon branched alkyl groups.

a. Chapter 1, Problem 1.87EP, Using IUPAC rules, name the following complex five-carbon branched alkyl groups. a. b. , example  1

b. Chapter 1, Problem 1.87EP, Using IUPAC rules, name the following complex five-carbon branched alkyl groups. a. b. , example  2

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The “complex” five-carbon branched alkyl group has to be named using IUPAC rules.

Concept Introduction:

Alkyl groups are named according to IUPAC nomenclature.  The name is obtained considering the parent alkane name and replacing “-ane” with “-yl”.  In naming branched chain alkyl groups, this becomes little complicated.  Hence, IUPAC system for giving name to such larger groups names them by considering as if they were themselves a separate compound.  Three rules are followed while naming the larger groups.

Rule 1:

Longest continuous chain which begins at the point of attachment of the alkyl group becomes the base name for the alkyl group.

Rule 2:

Base chain that is identified is numbered in a way beginning at the point of attachment.

Rule 3:

The substituents that are present in the base chain are listed in alphabetical order using the locant as prefixes whenever necessary.

Explanation

Given branched alkyl group is,

First step is to identify the longest continuous carbon chain starting from the point of attachment.  In the given case, the longest carbon chain consists of four carbons.  The parent is butyl.  This is depicted below.

Next step is to identify the base chain name and numbering...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The “complex” five-carbon branched alkyl group has to be named using IUPAC rules.

Concept Introduction:

Alkyl groups are named according to IUPAC nomenclature.  The name is obtained considering the parent alkane name and replacing “-ane” with “-yl”.  In naming branched chain alkyl groups, this becomes little complicated.  Hence, IUPAC system for giving name to such larger groups names them by considering as if they were themselves a separate compound.  Three rules are followed while naming the larger groups.

Rule 1:

Longest continuous chain which begins at the point of attachment of the alkyl group becomes the base name for the alkyl group.

Rule 2:

Base chain that is identified is numbered in a way beginning at the point of attachment.

Rule 3:

The substituents that are present in the base chain are listed in alphabetical order using the locant as prefixes whenever necessary.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started
Sect-1.5 P-2QQSect-1.5 P-3QQSect-1.6 P-1QQSect-1.6 P-2QQSect-1.6 P-3QQSect-1.6 P-4QQSect-1.7 P-1QQSect-1.7 P-2QQSect-1.8 P-1QQSect-1.8 P-2QQSect-1.8 P-3QQSect-1.8 P-4QQSect-1.8 P-5QQSect-1.8 P-6QQSect-1.8 P-7QQSect-1.9 P-1QQSect-1.9 P-2QQSect-1.10 P-1QQSect-1.10 P-2QQSect-1.11 P-1QQSect-1.11 P-2QQSect-1.11 P-3QQSect-1.12 P-1QQSect-1.12 P-2QQSect-1.12 P-3QQSect-1.13 P-1QQSect-1.13 P-2QQSect-1.13 P-3QQSect-1.14 P-1QQSect-1.14 P-2QQSect-1.14 P-3QQSect-1.15 P-1QQSect-1.15 P-2QQSect-1.16 P-1QQSect-1.16 P-2QQSect-1.16 P-3QQSect-1.17 P-1QQSect-1.17 P-2QQSect-1.17 P-3QQSect-1.17 P-4QQSect-1.18 P-1QQSect-1.18 P-2QQSect-1.18 P-3QQSect-1.18 P-4QQCh-1 P-1.1EPCh-1 P-1.2EPCh-1 P-1.3EPCh-1 P-1.4EPCh-1 P-1.5EPCh-1 P-1.6EPCh-1 P-1.7EPCh-1 P-1.8EPCh-1 P-1.9EPCh-1 P-1.10EPCh-1 P-1.11EPCh-1 P-1.12EPCh-1 P-1.13EPCh-1 P-1.14EPCh-1 P-1.15EPCh-1 P-1.16EPCh-1 P-1.17EPCh-1 P-1.18EPCh-1 P-1.19EPCh-1 P-1.20EPCh-1 P-1.21EPCh-1 P-1.22EPCh-1 P-1.23EPCh-1 P-1.24EPCh-1 P-1.25EPCh-1 P-1.26EPCh-1 P-1.27EPCh-1 P-1.28EPCh-1 P-1.29EPCh-1 P-1.30EPCh-1 P-1.31EPCh-1 P-1.32EPCh-1 P-1.33EPCh-1 P-1.34EPCh-1 P-1.35EPCh-1 P-1.36EPCh-1 P-1.37EPCh-1 P-1.38EPCh-1 P-1.39EPCh-1 P-1.40EPCh-1 P-1.41EPCh-1 P-1.42EPCh-1 P-1.43EPCh-1 P-1.44EPCh-1 P-1.45EPCh-1 P-1.46EPCh-1 P-1.47EPCh-1 P-1.48EPCh-1 P-1.49EPCh-1 P-1.50EPCh-1 P-1.51EPCh-1 P-1.52EPCh-1 P-1.53EPCh-1 P-1.54EPCh-1 P-1.55EPCh-1 P-1.56EPCh-1 P-1.57EPCh-1 P-1.58EPCh-1 P-1.59EPCh-1 P-1.60EPCh-1 P-1.61EPCh-1 P-1.62EPCh-1 P-1.63EPCh-1 P-1.64EPCh-1 P-1.65EPCh-1 P-1.66EPCh-1 P-1.67EPCh-1 P-1.68EPCh-1 P-1.69EPCh-1 P-1.70EPCh-1 P-1.71EPCh-1 P-1.72EPCh-1 P-1.73EPCh-1 P-1.74EPCh-1 P-1.75EPCh-1 P-1.76EPCh-1 P-1.77EPCh-1 P-1.78EPCh-1 P-1.79EPCh-1 P-1.80EPCh-1 P-1.81EPCh-1 P-1.82EPCh-1 P-1.83EPCh-1 P-1.84EPCh-1 P-1.85EPCh-1 P-1.86EPCh-1 P-1.87EPCh-1 P-1.88EPCh-1 P-1.89EPCh-1 P-1.90EPCh-1 P-1.91EPCh-1 P-1.92EPCh-1 P-1.93EPCh-1 P-1.94EPCh-1 P-1.95EPCh-1 P-1.96EPCh-1 P-1.97EPCh-1 P-1.98EPCh-1 P-1.99EPCh-1 P-1.100EPCh-1 P-1.101EPCh-1 P-1.102EPCh-1 P-1.103EPCh-1 P-1.104EPCh-1 P-1.105EPCh-1 P-1.106EPCh-1 P-1.107EPCh-1 P-1.108EPCh-1 P-1.109EPCh-1 P-1.110EPCh-1 P-1.111EPCh-1 P-1.112EPCh-1 P-1.113EPCh-1 P-1.114EPCh-1 P-1.115EPCh-1 P-1.116EPCh-1 P-1.117EPCh-1 P-1.118EPCh-1 P-1.119EPCh-1 P-1.120EPCh-1 P-1.121EPCh-1 P-1.122EPCh-1 P-1.123EPCh-1 P-1.124EPCh-1 P-1.125EPCh-1 P-1.126EPCh-1 P-1.127EPCh-1 P-1.128EPCh-1 P-1.129EPCh-1 P-1.130EPCh-1 P-1.131EPCh-1 P-1.132EPCh-1 P-1.133EPCh-1 P-1.134EPCh-1 P-1.135EPCh-1 P-1.136EPCh-1 P-1.137EPCh-1 P-1.138EPCh-1 P-1.139EPCh-1 P-1.140EPCh-1 P-1.141EPCh-1 P-1.142EPCh-1 P-1.143EPCh-1 P-1.144EPCh-1 P-1.145EPCh-1 P-1.146EPCh-1 P-1.147EPCh-1 P-1.148EP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

An atom that has five 3p electrons in its ground state is: a. Si b. P c. Cl d. O

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

Children who don't drink milk often have lower bone density than than those who do? T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

How do eating disorders affect health?

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)