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Fundamentals of Information Systems

9th Edition
Ralph Stair + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337097536
BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Information Systems

9th Edition
Ralph Stair + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337097536
Chapter 1, Problem 1LO
Textbook Problem
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Distinguish data from information and knowledge, and describe the characteristics of quality data.

Program Plan Intro

Difference between data, information and knowledge and characteristics of quality data.

Explanation of Solution

Most of the people get confused with the data and information. Data can be anything or you can say any raw fact. Data can be in the form of numbers, pictures, and words. We cannot get exact information out of the data. Data is unprocessed, unorganized and can be in any random format but when that data is processed and organized it gives information when some context or meaningful words are added to the data and form the related information. You can say data is integrated and organized so that it is used by people in the form of information. On the other hand, knowledge is something we gain after processing the valuable information.

To make it clearer, let us take an example of a match. Suppose we have data as 68 and 70. We cannot get anything out of these numeric values. Now, by adding some context with these numeric values such as Team 1-68 and Team 2-70, we get information that Team 1 has scored 68 and Team 2 has scored 70. Now, from this information we can do comparison to gain knowledge that Team 2 has scored more and thus must have won the match.

Different characteristics of quality data are:

The first characteristic is that of Accuracy. Quality data should be accurate in context with for what purpose it is required.

Validity is another characteristic of quality data. Data should be valid in accordance to the requirements.

Timeliness is another characteristic of Quality data. Data should be collected at the time when it is needed. Data collected early or late can lead to incorrect results.

Completeness is an important characteristic of quality data. Data should always be complete because incomplete data cannot get the desired results.

Consistency: Data should be consistent. Data should not contradict at different sources.

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Chapter 1 Solutions

Fundamentals of Information Systems
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Ch. 1 - Identify some of the advantages of running a...Ch. 1 - What sort of complications might be expected when...Ch. 1 - The leader of the team has asked that each member...Ch. 1 - What actions would you recommend to minimize...Ch. 1 - The value of information is directly linked to how...Ch. 1 - The value of information is directly linked to how...Ch. 1 - The value of information is directly linked to how...Ch. 1 - Information systems are composed of fundamental...Ch. 1 - Information systems are composed of fundamental...Ch. 1 - Managers have an essential role to play in the...Ch. 1 - Managers have an essential role to play in the...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - Information systems must be implemented in such a...Ch. 1 - The information system worker functions at the...Ch. 1 - The information system worker functions at the...Ch. 1 - The information system worker functions at the...Ch. 1 - How is data different from information? How is...Ch. 1 - Identify and briefly define six characteristics...Ch. 1 - What is an information system? What is the role of...Ch. 1 - Identify the six basic components of any...Ch. 1 - What is meant by an organization’s technology...Ch. 1 - When considering the role of business managers in...Ch. 1 - Identify and briefly describe the five key...Ch. 1 - What is the difference between a value chain and a...Ch. 1 - What activities are encompassed by supply chain...Ch. 1 - What are some of the characteristics of a virtual...Ch. 1 - Identify and briefly describe the differences...Ch. 1 - Briefly define the term “business process...Ch. 1 - What is meant by continuous improvement?Ch. 1 - What is meant by the term the soft side of...Ch. 1 - Sketch and briefly describe Leavitt’s diamond.Ch. 1 - List and describe three popular job-finding Web...Ch. 1 - Describe the role of a CIO within an organization.Ch. 1 - What is meant by the term “shadow IT?Ch. 1 - What do you hope to learn from this course that...Ch. 1 - Describe how you might use information systems in...Ch. 1 - How might completing this course help you in some...Ch. 1 - Discuss a value chain of which you are a part....Ch. 1 - Discuss a virtual team of which you are a member....Ch. 1 - What things might managers in an organization do...Ch. 1 - Identify several aspects of the culture shared by...Ch. 1 - Your manager has asked for your input on ideas for...Ch. 1 - You have been asked to assess the success of a...Ch. 1 - Describe the advantages and disadvantages of using...Ch. 1 - Assume you are a member of a committee responsible...Ch. 1 - Identify several personal characteristics needed...Ch. 1 - Figure 1.13 presents the occupational outlook...Ch. 1 - Create a table that lists 10 or more possible...Ch. 1 - Use presentation software to create a set of three...Ch. 1 - Computerworld does an annual survey to identify...Ch. 1 - Do research on the Web to learn about how...Ch. 1 - Go to the Web site for the U.S. Bureau of Labor...Ch. 1 - In the Career Exercises section found at the end...Ch. 1 - For you, what would be the most positive aspects...Ch. 1 - Use presentation software (e.g., Microsoft...Ch. 1 - Other than selling more cars, what potential...Ch. 1 - What responsibilities does BMW have to its...Ch. 1 - Visit a BMW showroom and spend time with one of...Ch. 1 - Develop a force field analysis that approximates...Ch. 1 - The high cost of implementing changes to...Ch. 1 - Do research to determine the current status of PTC...

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