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Environmental Science (MindTap Cou...

16th Edition
G. Tyler Miller + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337569613

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Environmental Science (MindTap Cou...

16th Edition
G. Tyler Miller + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337569613
Textbook Problem

Define natural capital. Define natural resources and distinguish among inexhaustible, renewable, and nonrenewable (exhaustible) resources. What is a sustainable yield? Define ecosystem services and give two examples. Give three examples of how we are degrading natural capital. Explain how finding solutions to environmental problems involves making trade-offs. Explain why individuals matter in dealing with the environmental problems we face. What are three economic, political, and ethical principles of sustainability? What is full-cost pricing and why is it important? Describe the role of Janine Benyus in promoting the important and growing field of biomimicry.

To determine

The meaning of the terms natural capital, natural resources, and differences among inexhaustible, renewable, and nonrenewable (exhaustible) resources. The terms sustainable yield and services, giving two examples. The degradation of natural capital by giving three examples. The compromises involved in finding solutions to environmental problems. The importance of individuals to deal with the environmental problems faced by people. The three economic, political, and ethical principles of sustainability. The term full-cost pricing and its importance. The role of Janine Benyus in promoting the important and growing field of biomimicry.

Explanation

Natural resources and ecosystem together make natural capital.

The material and energy given by the nature that is essential for humans are known as natural resources.

Following are the differences among inexhaustible, renewable, and nonrenewable (exhaustible) resources:

No.CharacteristicsInexhaustibleRenewableNonrenewable (exhaustible)
1.ExistenceThis resource is expected to last forever.It can be used repeatedly, and nature can renew it. These resources exist in a fixed amount in the earth’s crust. Human beings can use these resources faster than nature will replace them because they take millions to billions of years to form.
2.ExamplesSolar energyForests, grasslands, fishes, fresh water, and clean air.Natural gas, oil, and coal.

Sustainable yield is the highest rate at which human can use a renewable resource without decreasing its available supply.

The natural service provided by a healthy ecosystem is known as ecosystem service. This ecosystem service supports life and human economies.

Three examples of degrading natural capital by humans are; (i) Urban development, (ii) Timber cutting, and (iii) Mining & energy production...

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