   Chapter 1, Problem 41GQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Make a drawing, based on the kinetic-molecular theory and the ideas about atoms and molecules presented in this chapter, of the arrangement of particles in each of the cases listed here. For each case, draw 10 particles of each substance. It is acceptable for your diagram to be two dimensional. Represent each atom as a circle, and distinguish each different kind of atom by shading.(a) a sample of solid iron (which consists of iron atoms)(b) a sample of liquid water (which consists of H2O molecules)(c) a sample of water vapor

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The diagram for given states of matters based on Kinetic-molecular theory to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Kinetic-molecular theory:

It helps to interpret the properties of solids, liquids, and gases.  The higher the temperature, the faster the particles move.  The energy of motion of the particles acts to overcome the forces of attraction between particles.

Explanation

In solid, particles are arranged tightly in a regular pattern.  Thus, the iron atoms to be arranged as shown below.  The particles in a solid come into contact with their neighbors.  The net force of attraction is large...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The diagram for given states of matters based on Kinetic-molecular theory to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Kinetic-molecular theory:

It helps to interpret the properties of solids, liquids, and gases.  The higher the temperature, the faster the particles move.  The energy of motion of the particles acts to overcome the forces of attraction between particles.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The diagram for given states of matters based on Kinetic-molecular theory to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

Kinetic-molecular theory:

It helps to interpret the properties of solids, liquids, and gases.  The higher the temperature, the faster the particles move.  The energy of motion of the particles acts to overcome the forces of attraction between particles.

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