Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074



Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Milk in a glass bottle was placed in the freezing compartment of a refrigerator overnight. By morning a column of frozen milk emerged from the bottle. Explain this observation.


Interpretation Introduction


The reason for the frozen milk emerged from the bottle which was placed in refrigerator overnight has to be explained.

Concept introduction:


Density can be defined as property that links mass of an object to its volume.  It derived quantity and its unit is gml-1 for liquids and gcm-3 for solid.  The density of material can be calculated with the help of formula,


Freezing point: The temperature at which the liquid substance becoming solid.


Milk contains mostly water, when the water freezes its volume increases and density decreases.  The increased volume means the frozen water expands out of the bottle (the volume of bottle is insufficient)...

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