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Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881
Textbook Problem
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Name and briefly describe the purpose of the four financial statements.

To determine

Concept Introduction:

Financial statements: Financial statements are prepared to summaries the account at the end of the period. The statements prepared are Income statement, Balance sheet, Statement of owner’s equity and Cash flows statements.

Income Statement: Income Statement is the part of the financial statement which is prepared to calculate the net income earned by the organization. In the income statement, all expenses are subtracted from the revenues to calculate the net income. It is prepared for a particular period.

Balance Sheet: The Balance sheet is a summary of Assets, Liabilities and equity accounts that reports the financial position of the business as on a specific date. Assets are further classifies into Current Assets, Long Term Investments, Plant Assets and Intangible assets. And Liabilities are further classified into Current Liabilities and Long term liabilities.

Statement of owner’s equity:

The Statement of owner’s equity shows the changes made in the owner’s equity during the period.

Cash Flow statement:

The Cash flow statement shows the movement of cash during a particular period. The Cash flows are categorized into three categories as follows:

  • Cash flows from operating activities
  • Cash Flows from investing activities
  • Cash flows from financing activities

To describe:

The four financial statements and their purpose.

Explanation

The four financial statements and their purpose are explained as follows:

Financial statements: Financial statements are prepared to summaries the account at the end of the period. The statements prepared are Income statement, Balance sheet, Statement of owner’s equity and Cash flows statements.

Income Statement: Income Statement is the part of the financial statement which is prepared to calculate the net income earned by the organization. In the income statement, all expenses are subtracted from the revenues to calculate the net income. It is prepared for a particular period.

Balance Sheet: The Balance sheet is a summary of Assets, Liabilities and equity accounts that reports the financial position of the business as on a specific date...

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