Database Systems: Design, Implemen...

11th Edition
Steven + 8 others
ISBN: 9781285196145



Database Systems: Design, Implemen...

11th Edition
Steven + 8 others
ISBN: 9781285196145
Textbook Problem

Identify and discuss the serious data redundancy problems exhibited by the file structure shown in Figure P1.9. (The file is meant to be used as a teacher class assignment schedule. One of the many problems with data redundancy is the likely occurrence of data inconsistencies—two different initials have been entered for the teacher named Maria Cordoza.)



Program Plan Intro

Data redundancy:

  • Data redundancy is the presence of repeated data in the storage device. It consists of duplicate data that is additional to the actual data.
  • In this case, the data related to a folder can be seen in other folders. For example, file related to science folder can be seen in mathematics or social.
Program Explanation

Data redundancy found in the given file structure:

  • In the given file structure, the teacher named Maria occurs three times which means the records related to the teacher name will repeat...

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