# Calculate a) cost of goods sold, b) ending inventory, and c) gross margin for A76 Company, considering the following transactions under three different cost allocation methods and using perpetual inventory updating. Provide calculations for last-in, first-out (LIFO).

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### Principles of Accounting Volume 1

19th Edition
OpenStax
Publisher: OpenStax College
ISBN: 9781947172685

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FindFindarrow_forward

### Principles of Accounting Volume 1

19th Edition
OpenStax
Publisher: OpenStax College
ISBN: 9781947172685
Chapter 10, Problem 10PA
Textbook Problem
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## Calculate a) cost of goods sold, b) ending inventory, and c) gross margin for A76 Company, considering the following transactions under three different cost allocation methods and using perpetual inventory updating. Provide calculations for last-in, first-out (LIFO).

To determine

Introduction:

Last In First Out is a method of evaluation of cost of goods sold. In this method, it is assumed that units purchased at last is sold first. Costs in relation with units sold are taken from cost of last lot and in case, the sold units is higher than the latest lot purchased, then cost of last second lot is used.

To compute:

The COGS, ending inventory and gross margin under three different cost allocation methods using perpetual inventory system. Also, show calculations for LIFO.

### Explanation of Solution

Table showing COGS, ending inventory, and gross margin under three different cost allocation methods using perpetual inventory system:

 Particulars LIFO ($) FIFO ($) Weighted Average ($) COGS2 97,900 96,260 96,827 Ending Inventory1 23,660 25,300 24,732 Gross Margin3 34,580 36,220 35,653 Table (1) Working Notes: 1. Computation of Closing Inventory:  Particulars Amount ($) Opening Inventory ((240−160)×$100) 8,000 Lot-1 Purchases ((520−400)×$103) 12,360 Lot-2 Purchases ((400−370)×\$110) 3,300 Total 23,660

Table (2)

2

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