# Josiah, a 22-month-old boy, lives with his mother and grandmother. He is at an early childhood center during the weekdays, and due to his mother’s work schedule does not get home until after 6 p.m. most days. His mother and grandmother allow him to walk around the house with apple juice in a sippy cup while they are preparing dinner. He also “demands” snacks such as crackers, slices of cheese, and cookies. When they attempt to put Josiah in his booster chair at the table, he fights with them and yells, “NO chair!” Mother and grandmother often eat quickly in front of the television while feeding Josiah from their plates while he also watches TV. Josiah’s mother and grandmother are frustrated and are concerned that he is not eating enough for dinner. The early childhood staff also state that they are having a difficult time with him sitting down at lunch time. Describe the issues surrounding Josiah's mealtime behaviors.

FindFind

### Nutrition Through The Life Cycle

7th Edition
Brown + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337919333
FindFind

### Nutrition Through The Life Cycle

7th Edition
Brown + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337919333

#### Solutions

Chapter 10, Problem 1.1CS
Textbook Problem

## Josiah, a 22-month-old boy, lives with his mother and grandmother. He is at an early childhood center during the weekdays, and due to his mother’s work schedule does not get home until after 6 p.m. most days. His mother and grandmother allow him to walk around the house with apple juice in a sippy cup while they are preparing dinner. He also “demands” snacks such as crackers, slices of cheese, and cookies. When they attempt to put Josiah in his booster chair at the table, he fights with them and yells, “NO chair!” Mother and grandmother often eat quickly in front of the television while feeding Josiah from their plates while he also watches TV. Josiah’s mother and grandmother are frustrated and are concerned that he is not eating enough for dinner. The early childhood staff also state that they are having a difficult time with him sitting down at lunch time.Describe the issues surrounding Josiah's mealtime behaviors.

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

To describe: The issues related to Person J’s behavior during mealtime.

Introduction: Toddler nutrition establishment is important as it shapes the future health of that toddler as an adult. Unlike infants, the growth of toddlers is comparatively slow and they stop breastfeeding slowly and depend on solid foods and other dairy products. The health and eating habits must be established during the toddler’s stage in order to avoid complications in the future. Undernutrition in toddlers will lead them to have decreased cognitive function. It is the duty of parents, grandparents, and the persons who take care of them to ensure that they are well fed and they get adequate nutrition.

### Explanation of Solution

Person J is a toddler and is 1 year 10 months old who is living with his mother and grandmother. He spends most of the day at early childhood center. Person J consumes apple juice before dinner and strongly expresses the need to eat crackers, cheese slices, and cookies. He is also not willing to sit in the booster chair. Mother and grandmother feed Person J from their plate for dinner while they watch television. Both mother and grandmother have concerns and frustration about the eating habits of Person J and early childhood staff who take care of Person J also say that they find it difficult to make him eat.

The following are the issues related to Person J’s behavior during mealtime:

• Person J demands to eat filling yet not adequately nutritious food like crackers, cookies, and cheese slices. This would blunt the appetite of Person J before dinner.
• Person J is stubborn and not willing to sit in the booster chair. Toddlers have increased motor skills and therefore, would prefer to be more mobile than sticking to a chair. This would decrease his appetite.
• Person J eats from the plate of mother and grandmother. This occurs immediately after Person J consuming apple juice and snacks. There are no regular but flexible mealtimes as proposed by the nutrition guidelines for toddler eating habits.
• Person J is giving a difficult time for early childhood staff during the lunch time.

The above issues are highly concerned as they clearly denote that Person J is not getting the adequate nutrition that is required for growth. Toddlers must be fed properly with solid and liquid foods that contain all the essential nutrients. Both food proportions also should be equal. Eating from mother’s and grandmother’s plate will not be adequate and will lead to malnutrition.

### Want to see more full solutions like this?

Subscribe now to access step-by-step solutions to millions of textbook problems written by subject matter experts!

### Want to see more full solutions like this?

Subscribe now to access step-by-step solutions to millions of textbook problems written by subject matter experts!

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Organic candy bars, soy desserts, and fried vegetable snack chips. are not more nutritious than ordinary treats...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Give systematic names to the following binary compounds. a N2F2 b CF4 c N2O5 d As4O6

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What are sister chromatids?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

In what ways were the models of Ptolemy and Copernicus similar?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Figure P12.67 shows a vertical force applied tangentially to a uniform cylinder of weight Fg. The coefficient o...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Write the electron configuration for chromium.

Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach