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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 10, Problem 12QP
Textbook Problem
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Essential amino acids are:

  1. a. amino acids the human body can synthesize
  2. b. amino acids humans need in their diet
  3. c. amino acids in a box of Frosted Flakes
  4. d. amino acids that include arginine and glutamic acid
  5. e. amino acids that cannot harm the body if not metabolized properly

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Amino acids are used to form protein. The sequence of amino acids used to form the protein molecules is determined the genes of that particular protein. Based on their production in the body, amino acids are classified as essential amino acids and non-essential amino acids.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for correct answer:

Some of the amino acids cannot be synthesized by the human body itself. So they are needed to be taken in the diet along with other nutrients. Such amino acids are called essential amino acids because if not taken essentially in the diet, deficiency of these amino acids can affect normal functioning of human body.

Option b. is given as “amino acids humans need in their diet”

Amino acids that are not synthesized in the body itself are required to be taken in the diet essentially as if not taken, their deficiency can affect healthy functioning of a human body. Hence, the correct answer is option b.

Reasons for incorrect answer:

Option a is given as, “amino acids the human body can synthesize”.

Amino acids that can be easily synthesized inside the human body itself are called as non-essential amino acids. Hence, option a is incorrect...

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