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Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305957404

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305957404
Textbook Problem

White phosphorus and sulfur arc both labeled molecular solids even though each is made of only phosphorus and sulfur, respectively. Why are they molecular solids? Why isn’t diamond (which is made up of only carbon) a molecular solid?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The carbon molecular solid properties should be identified given the phosphorus and sulfur molecules.

Concept Introduction:

Molecular Solids: The many of solid molecules are together by van-der wales interactions; there is no ionic, metallic or covalent bonds between the molecules. The force of interactions is very week compared to the other forces.

Bonding nature of Solids: The hydrogen bond is a specific dipole where a hydrogen atom has a partial positive charge due to a neighboring electronegative atom of functional group.

Thermal properties of solids: The many of molecular solids have many thermal properties, for example specific heat capacity, thermal expansion and thermal conductance, this thermal properties are determined by the intra and intermolecular vibrations of the atoms and molecules of the molecular solid.

Explanation

Molecular properties must be identified given P,S molecules.

Van-der wales interactions of phosphorus molecule (a) it is a solid

Figure 1

Van-der wales interactions of sulfur molecule (b).

The sulfur ores and its metals very good semiconducting properties when compare to the carbon solids.

  1. 1. The given the respective statements the phosphorous shows various allotropes. These are white, red, violet and black phosphorous, transition from one form of phosphorous to another is reversible.
  2. 2. White phosphorous shows characteristics of a molecular solid

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Chapter 10 Solutions

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Ch-10 P-1ALQCh-10 P-2ALQCh-10 P-3ALQCh-10 P-4ALQCh-10 P-5ALQCh-10 P-6ALQCh-10 P-7ALQCh-10 P-8ALQCh-10 P-9ALQCh-10 P-10ALQCh-10 P-11ALQCh-10 P-12ALQCh-10 P-13ALQCh-10 P-15QCh-10 P-16QCh-10 P-17QCh-10 P-18QCh-10 P-19QCh-10 P-20QCh-10 P-21QCh-10 P-22QCh-10 P-23QCh-10 P-24QCh-10 P-25QCh-10 P-26QCh-10 P-27QCh-10 P-29QCh-10 P-30QCh-10 P-31QCh-10 P-32QCh-10 P-34QCh-10 P-35QCh-10 P-36QCh-10 P-37ECh-10 P-38ECh-10 P-39ECh-10 P-40ECh-10 P-41ECh-10 P-42ECh-10 P-43ECh-10 P-44ECh-10 P-45ECh-10 P-46ECh-10 P-47ECh-10 P-48ECh-10 P-49ECh-10 P-50ECh-10 P-51ECh-10 P-52ECh-10 P-53ECh-10 P-54ECh-10 P-55ECh-10 P-56ECh-10 P-57ECh-10 P-58ECh-10 P-59ECh-10 P-60ECh-10 P-61ECh-10 P-62ECh-10 P-63ECh-10 P-64ECh-10 P-65ECh-10 P-66ECh-10 P-67ECh-10 P-68ECh-10 P-69ECh-10 P-70ECh-10 P-71ECh-10 P-72ECh-10 P-73ECh-10 P-74ECh-10 P-75ECh-10 P-76ECh-10 P-77ECh-10 P-78ECh-10 P-79ECh-10 P-80ECh-10 P-81ECh-10 P-82ECh-10 P-83ECh-10 P-84ECh-10 P-85ECh-10 P-86ECh-10 P-87ECh-10 P-88ECh-10 P-89ECh-10 P-90ECh-10 P-91ECh-10 P-92ECh-10 P-93ECh-10 P-94ECh-10 P-95ECh-10 P-96ECh-10 P-97ECh-10 P-98ECh-10 P-99ECh-10 P-100ECh-10 P-101ECh-10 P-103ECh-10 P-104ECh-10 P-105ECh-10 P-106ECh-10 P-107ECh-10 P-108ECh-10 P-109ECh-10 P-110ECh-10 P-111AECh-10 P-112AECh-10 P-113AECh-10 P-114AECh-10 P-115AECh-10 P-116AECh-10 P-117AECh-10 P-118AECh-10 P-119AECh-10 P-120AECh-10 P-121AECh-10 P-122AECh-10 P-123AECh-10 P-124AECh-10 P-125AECh-10 P-126AECh-10 P-127AECh-10 P-128AECh-10 P-129AECh-10 P-131CWPCh-10 P-132CWPCh-10 P-133CWPCh-10 P-134CWPCh-10 P-135CWPCh-10 P-136CWPCh-10 P-137CWPCh-10 P-138CWPCh-10 P-139CWPCh-10 P-140CWPCh-10 P-141CPCh-10 P-142CPCh-10 P-143CPCh-10 P-144CPCh-10 P-145CPCh-10 P-146CPCh-10 P-147CPCh-10 P-148CPCh-10 P-149CPCh-10 P-150CPCh-10 P-151CPCh-10 P-152CPCh-10 P-153CPCh-10 P-154CPCh-10 P-155CPCh-10 P-156CPCh-10 P-157IPCh-10 P-158IPCh-10 P-159IPCh-10 P-160MP

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