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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 10, Problem 16SA
Textbook Problem
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How does the mass of a nucleus change with alpha decay?

To determine
The mass of nucleus change with alpha decay.

Explanation of Solution

Alpha particles are helium atoms. In a nuclear reaction unstable nucleus decays through aplha decay to form stable nucleus.

The alpha decay equation,

U92238T90234h+H24e

Here, mass of parent nucleus U

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Chapter 10 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 10.3 - Technetium-99 is often used as a radioactive...Ch. 10.3 - An archeology dig unearths a skeleton. Analysis...Ch. 10.4 - What quantities are conserved in nuclear...Ch. 10.4 - What are transuranium elements?Ch. 10.4 - Complete the equation for the deuteron bombardment...Ch. 10.5 - Is mass converted to energy in fission reactions?Ch. 10.5 - What is a self-sustaining chain reaction?Ch. 10.5 - Complete the following equation for fission....Ch. 10.6 - Where does nuclear fusion occur naturally?Ch. 10.6 - What are the major advantages of fusion energy...Ch. 10.6 - Calculate the mass defect and the corresponding...Ch. 10.7 - What is ionizing radiation, and why is it harmful?Ch. 10.7 - How do particles and rays rate in protective...Ch. 10.8 - Why are some subatomic particles called elementary...Ch. 10.8 - What are exchange particles?Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - KEY TERMS 1. electrons (10.2) 2. nucleus 3....Ch. 10 - Which scientist devised the symbol notation we now...Ch. 10 - What is the symbol notation for the element...Ch. 10 - How many neutrons are in the nucleus of the atom...Ch. 10 - A nucleon is which of the following? (10.2) (a) a...Ch. 10 - Which radioactive decay mode does not result in a...Ch. 10 - What is the missing particle in the nuclear decay...Ch. 10 - The majority of stable isotopes belong to which...Ch. 10 - Which of the following scientists discovered...Ch. 10 - How many half-lives would it take for a sample of...Ch. 10 - Which of the following is not conserved in all...Ch. 10 - Which of the following completes the reaction...Ch. 10 - What is the appropriate procedure to decrease the...Ch. 10 - What is a very hot gas of nuclei and electrons...Ch. 10 - Which unit is most closely associated with the...Ch. 10 - What is the theoretical exchange particle for the...Ch. 10 - P is the symbol for the element ___. (10.1)Ch. 10 - All atomic masses are based on an atom of ___....Ch. 10 - The collective name for neutrons and protons in a...Ch. 10 - Carbon-12, carbon-13, and carbon-14 are ___....Ch. 10 - No stable nuclides exist that have Z greater than...Ch. 10 - The nuclear notation 10e refers to a(n) ___....Ch. 10 - The amount of a radioactive isotope will have...Ch. 10 - The proton number of the daughter nucleus in beta...Ch. 10 - In nuclear reactions, both atomic number and ___...Ch. 10 - For an atomic bomb to explode, a(n) ____ mass is...Ch. 10 - In discussions of nuclear fusion reactions, the...Ch. 10 - Of the average amount of radiation received by a...Ch. 10 - What are the chemical symbols for (a) carbon, (b)...Ch. 10 - What are the names of the elements with the...Ch. 10 - Why is the symbol for the transuranic element...Ch. 10 - Why is the neutron number N equal to the mass...Ch. 10 - What is the collective name of the two particles...Ch. 10 - What evidence is there to support the idea that...Ch. 10 - The diameter of the uranium atom is about the same...Ch. 10 - About what percentage of the mass of an atom is...Ch. 10 - What do the letters Z, A, and N in nuclear...Ch. 10 - State the special names by which the isotopes 1H,...Ch. 10 - What are the nuclear notations for the isotopes of...Ch. 10 - On which atom are all atomic masses based? What...Ch. 10 - Name the force that holds a nucleus together. At...Ch. 10 - What convincing evidence is there that...Ch. 10 - How does the charge of a nucleus change with beta...Ch. 10 - How does the mass of a nucleus change with alpha...Ch. 10 - Indicate which of the three types of...Ch. 10 - After three half-lives have gone by, what fraction...Ch. 10 - Why cant carbon-14 dating be used for ages 50,000...Ch. 10 - Use the letters a, A, B, and b to write the...Ch. 10 - How does the common household smoke alarm detect...Ch. 10 - What is the principle of neutron activation...Ch. 10 - What subatomic particle is emitted when a nucleus...Ch. 10 - In terms of a chain reaction, explain what is...Ch. 10 - What percentage of natural uranium is fissionable...Ch. 10 - What is a meltdown? How is this related to the...Ch. 10 - Both control rods and moderators are involved with...Ch. 10 - Why cant nuclear reactors accidentally cause a...Ch. 10 - Fission was once referred to as splitting the...Ch. 10 - During operation, breeder reactors make...Ch. 10 - The fusion of what element allows the Sun to emit...Ch. 10 - In discussions of nuclear fusion, what do the...Ch. 10 - What is a plasma? Distinguish between magnetic and...Ch. 10 - Briefly list three advantages and two...Ch. 10 - The equation E = mc2 was developed by which...Ch. 10 - Why is an atomic bomb needed to start a hydrogen...Ch. 10 - What term is applied to a nuclear reaction if the...Ch. 10 - Show by means of sketches the nuclear processes by...Ch. 10 - What is ionizing radiation, and what problems can...Ch. 10 - How do nuclear radiations vary in terms of...Ch. 10 - What are exchange particles, and how do they...Ch. 10 - How many quarks are believed to make up a proton?Ch. 10 - Visualize the connections and give the nuclear...Ch. 10 - Suppose a magnetic field instead of an electric...Ch. 10 - The technique of carbon-14 dating relies on the...Ch. 10 - Would you rather live downwind of a nuclear power...Ch. 10 - What steps might you take to lower your exposure...Ch. 10 - If the Higgs boson were confirmed, what effect...Ch. 10 - Fill in the nine gaps in this table.Ch. 10 - Fill in the nine gaps in this table.Ch. 10 - Oxygen (8O) has three stable isotopes with...Ch. 10 - Show that the neutron number for the following...Ch. 10 - Complete the following equations for nuclear...Ch. 10 - Complete the following equations for nuclear...Ch. 10 - Write the equation for each of the following. (a)...Ch. 10 - Actinium-225 (89225Ac) undergoes alpha decay. (a)...Ch. 10 - Radon-222 (86222Rn), a radioactive gas, undergoes...Ch. 10 - A radioactive decay series called the...Ch. 10 - Pick the radioactive isotope in each set. Explain...Ch. 10 - Pick the radioactive isotope in each set. Explain...Ch. 10 - Technetium-99 (half-life = 6.0 h) is used in...Ch. 10 - How many half-lives would have to elapse for a...Ch. 10 - A thyroid cancer patient is given a dosage of 131I...Ch. 10 - A clinical technician finds that the activity of a...Ch. 10 - Tritium (half-life = 12.3 y) is used to verify the...Ch. 10 - What is the half-life of thallium-206 if the...Ch. 10 - Use the graph in Fig. 10.24 to find the half-life...Ch. 10 - Use the graph in Exercise 19 to find the half-life...Ch. 10 - Use the graph in Exercise 19 to find how long it...Ch. 10 - Use the graph in Exercise 19 to find how long it...Ch. 10 - Complete the following nuclear reaction equations....Ch. 10 - Complete the following nuclear reaction equations....Ch. 10 - Complete the following equation for fission....Ch. 10 - Complete the following equation for fission....Ch. 10 - One of the fusion reactions that takes place as a...Ch. 10 - Calculate the mass defect (in u) and the energy...

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