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Raddington Industries produces tool and die machinery for manufacturers. The company expanded vertically in 20x1 by acquiring one of its suppliers of alloy steel plates, Keimer Steel Company. To manage the two separate businesses, the operations of Keimer are reported separately as an investment center. Raddington monitors its divisions on the basis of both unit contribution and return on average investment (ROI), with investment defined as average operating assets employed. Management bonuses are determined on ROI. All investments in operating assets are expected to earn a minimum return of 13 percent before income taxes. Keimer’s cost of goods sold is considered to be entirely variable, while the division’s administrative expenses are not dependent on volume. Selling expenses are a mixed cost with 40 percent attributed to sales volume. Keimer contemplated a capital acquisition with an estimated ROI of 14.5 percent; however, division management decided against the investment because it believed that the investment would decrease Keimer’s overall ROI. The 20x2 operating statement for Keimer follows. The division’s operating assets employed were $12,600,000 at November 30, 20x2, a 5 percent increase over the 20x1 year-end balance. Keimer Steel Company Operating Statement For the Year Ended November 30, 20x2 Required: 1. Calculate the unit contribution (rounded to the nearest cent) for Keimer Steel Company if 1,187,000 units were produced and sold during the year ended November 30, 20x2. 2. Calculate the following performance measures for 20x2 for Keimer Steel Company: a. Pretax return on average investment in operating assets employed (ROI) b. Residual income calculated on the basis of average operating assets employed 3. Explain why the management of Keimer Steel Company would have been more likely to accept the contemplated capital acquisition if residual income rather than ROI were used as a performance measure. 4. Keimer Steel Company is a separate investment center within Raddington Industries. Identify several items that Keimer should control if it is to be evaluated fairly by either the ROI or residual income performance measures. (CMA adapted)

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Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663
Chapter 10, Problem 26P
Textbook Problem
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Raddington Industries produces tool and die machinery for manufacturers. The company expanded vertically in 20x1 by acquiring one of its suppliers of alloy steel plates, Keimer Steel Company. To manage the two separate businesses, the operations of Keimer are reported separately as an investment center.

Raddington monitors its divisions on the basis of both unit contribution and return on average investment (ROI), with investment defined as average operating assets employed. Management bonuses are determined on ROI. All investments in operating assets are expected to earn a minimum return of 13 percent before income taxes.

Keimer’s cost of goods sold is considered to be entirely variable, while the division’s administrative expenses are not dependent on volume. Selling expenses are a mixed cost with 40 percent attributed to sales volume. Keimer contemplated a capital acquisition with an estimated ROI of 14.5 percent; however, division management decided against the investment because it believed that the investment would decrease Keimer’s overall ROI.

The 20x2 operating statement for Keimer follows. The division’s operating assets employed were $12,600,000 at November 30, 20x2, a 5 percent increase over the 20x1 year-end balance.

Keimer Steel Company Operating Statement For the Year Ended November 30, 20x2

Chapter 10, Problem 26P, Raddington Industries produces tool and die machinery for manufacturers. The company expanded

Required:

  1. 1. Calculate the unit contribution (rounded to the nearest cent) for Keimer Steel Company if 1,187,000 units were produced and sold during the year ended November 30, 20x2.
  2. 2. Calculate the following performance measures for 20x2 for Keimer Steel Company:
    1. a. Pretax return on average investment in operating assets employed (ROI)
    2. b. Residual income calculated on the basis of average operating assets employed
  3. 3. Explain why the management of Keimer Steel Company would have been more likely to accept the contemplated capital acquisition if residual income rather than ROI were used as a performance measure.
  4. 4. Keimer Steel Company is a separate investment center within Raddington Industries. Identify several items that Keimer should control if it is to be evaluated fairly by either the ROI or residual income performance measures. (CMA adapted)

1.

To determine

Compute the unit contribution for Company KS.

Explanation of Solution

Contribution Margin: It is an amount of sales revenue in excess of variable costs.

Contribution margin=Sales priceVariable cost per Unit

Compute the unit contribution for Company KS:

Company KS
Unit Contribution Margin
For the year ended November 30, 20X2
ParticularsAmount ($)Amount ($)
Sales revenue $25,000,000
Less: Variable costs  
    Cost of goods so

2 (a)

To determine

Compute the ROI for 20X2 for Company KS.

2 (b)

To determine

Compute the residual income for 20X2 for Company KS.

3.

To determine

Explain the reasons for the management of Company KS to be more likely to accept the contemplated capital acquisition in case residual income is used instead of ROI as a performance measure.

4.

To determine

Identify that the items Company KS should control in case it is to be evaluated fairly be either ROI or residual income performance measures.

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Chapter 10 Solutions

Cornerstones of Cost Management (Cornerstones Series)
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