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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

Find the area enclosed by the inner loop of the curve r = 1 − 3 sin θ.

To determine

To find: The area of the region that is enclosed within in the curve r=13sinθ.

Explanation

Given:

The polar equation of the curve with variable r is as follows. ,

r=13sinθ (1)

Assume θ=0

Calculate the value of r.

Substitute 0 for θ.in equation (1)

r=13sin(0×π180)r=1

Calculate the value of x.

x=rcosθ

Substitute 1 for r and 0 for θ.

x=rcosθ=1×cos(0×π180)=1

Calculate the value of y.

y=rsinθ

Substitute 0 for r and 0 for θ.

y=1×sin(0×π180)=0

Similarly calculate the values of x and y using the value of θ from 0 to 360

Tabulate the values of x and y in table (1).

theta radius x y
0.00 1.00 1.00 0.00
10.00 0.48 0.47 0.08
20.00 -0.03 -0.02 -0.01
30.00 -0.50 -0.43 -0.25
40.00 -0.93 -0.71 -0.60
50.00 -1.30 -0.83 -0.99
60.00 -1.60 -0.80 -1.38
70.00 -1.82 -0.62 -1.71
80.00 -1.95 -0.34 -1.92
90.00 -2.00 0.00 -2.00
100.00 -1.95 0.34 -1.92
110.00 -1.82 0.62 -1.71
120.00 -1.60 0.80 -1.38
130.00 -1.30 0.83 -0.99
140.00 -0.93 0.71 -0.60
150.00 -0.50 0.43 -0.25
160.00 -0.03 0.02 -0.01
170.00 0.48 -0.47 0.08
180.00 1.00 -1.00 0.00
190.00 1.52 -1.50 -0.26
200.00 2.03 -1.90 -0.69
210.00 2.50 -2.17 -1.25
220.00 2.93 -2.24 -1.88
230.00 3.30 -2.12 -2.53
240.00 3.60 -1.80 -3.12
250.00 3.82 -1.31 -3.59
260.00 3.95 -0.69 -3.89
270.00 4.00 0.00 -4.00
280.00 3.95 0.69 -3.89
290.00 3.82 1.31 -3.59
300.00 3.60 1.80 -3.12
310.00 3.30 2.12 -2.53
320.00 2.93 2.24 -1.88
330.00 2.50 2.17 -1.25
340.00 2.03 1.90 -0.69
350.00 1.52 1.50 -0.26
360.00 1.00 1.00 0.00

Graph:

The graph is plotted for x and y using the table (1) in figure (1).

Determine the value of θ.

0=13sinθθ=sin1(13)

Two solutions are available between 0 and 2π they are θ and πθ.

So the limits are between sin1(13) and πsin1(13)

Calculate the area of the region using the polar area formula

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Sect-10.1 P-11ESect-10.1 P-12ESect-10.1 P-13ESect-10.1 P-14ESect-10.1 P-15ESect-10.1 P-16ESect-10.1 P-17ESect-10.1 P-18ESect-10.1 P-19ESect-10.1 P-20ESect-10.1 P-21ESect-10.1 P-22ESect-10.1 P-23ESect-10.1 P-24ESect-10.1 P-25ESect-10.1 P-26ESect-10.1 P-27ESect-10.1 P-28ESect-10.1 P-29ESect-10.1 P-30ESect-10.1 P-31ESect-10.1 P-32ESect-10.1 P-33ESect-10.1 P-34ESect-10.1 P-35ESect-10.1 P-36ESect-10.1 P-37ESect-10.1 P-38ESect-10.1 P-39ESect-10.1 P-40ESect-10.1 P-41ESect-10.1 P-42ESect-10.1 P-43ESect-10.1 P-44ESect-10.1 P-45ESect-10.1 P-46ESect-10.1 P-47ESect-10.1 P-48ESect-10.1 P-49ESect-10.1 P-50ESect-10.1 P-51ESect-10.1 P-52ESect-10.2 P-1ESect-10.2 P-2ESect-10.2 P-3ESect-10.2 P-4ESect-10.2 P-5ESect-10.2 P-6ESect-10.2 P-7ESect-10.2 P-8ESect-10.2 P-9ESect-10.2 P-10ESect-10.2 P-11ESect-10.2 P-12ESect-10.2 P-13ESect-10.2 P-14ESect-10.2 P-15ESect-10.2 P-16ESect-10.2 P-17ESect-10.2 P-18ESect-10.2 P-19ESect-10.2 P-20ESect-10.2 P-21ESect-10.2 P-22ESect-10.2 P-23ESect-10.2 P-24ESect-10.2 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P-19ESect-10.3 P-20ESect-10.3 P-21ESect-10.3 P-22ESect-10.3 P-23ESect-10.3 P-24ESect-10.3 P-25ESect-10.3 P-26ESect-10.3 P-27ESect-10.3 P-28ESect-10.3 P-29ESect-10.3 P-30ESect-10.3 P-31ESect-10.3 P-32ESect-10.3 P-33ESect-10.3 P-34ESect-10.3 P-35ESect-10.3 P-36ESect-10.3 P-37ESect-10.3 P-38ESect-10.3 P-39ESect-10.3 P-40ESect-10.3 P-41ESect-10.3 P-42ESect-10.3 P-43ESect-10.3 P-44ESect-10.3 P-45ESect-10.3 P-46ESect-10.3 P-47ESect-10.3 P-48ESect-10.3 P-49ESect-10.3 P-50ESect-10.3 P-51ESect-10.3 P-52ESect-10.3 P-53ESect-10.3 P-54ESect-10.3 P-55ESect-10.3 P-56ESect-10.3 P-57ESect-10.3 P-58ESect-10.3 P-59ESect-10.3 P-60ESect-10.3 P-61ESect-10.3 P-62ESect-10.3 P-63ESect-10.3 P-64ESect-10.3 P-65ESect-10.3 P-66ESect-10.3 P-67ESect-10.3 P-68ESect-10.3 P-69ESect-10.3 P-70ESect-10.3 P-71ESect-10.3 P-72ESect-10.3 P-73ESect-10.3 P-74ESect-10.3 P-75ESect-10.3 P-76ESect-10.3 P-77ESect-10.3 P-78ESect-10.4 P-1ESect-10.4 P-2ESect-10.4 P-3ESect-10.4 P-4ESect-10.4 P-5ESect-10.4 P-6ESect-10.4 P-7ESect-10.4 P-8ESect-10.4 P-9ESect-10.4 P-10ESect-10.4 P-11ESect-10.4 P-12ESect-10.4 P-13ESect-10.4 P-14ESect-10.4 P-15ESect-10.4 P-16ESect-10.4 P-17ESect-10.4 P-18ESect-10.4 P-19ESect-10.4 P-20ESect-10.4 P-21ESect-10.4 P-22ESect-10.4 P-23ESect-10.4 P-24ESect-10.4 P-25ESect-10.4 P-26ESect-10.4 P-27ESect-10.4 P-28ESect-10.4 P-29ESect-10.4 P-30ESect-10.4 P-31ESect-10.4 P-32ESect-10.4 P-33ESect-10.4 P-34ESect-10.4 P-35ESect-10.4 P-36ESect-10.4 P-37ESect-10.4 P-38ESect-10.4 P-39ESect-10.4 P-40ESect-10.4 P-41ESect-10.4 P-42ESect-10.4 P-43ESect-10.4 P-44ESect-10.4 P-45ESect-10.4 P-46ESect-10.4 P-47ESect-10.4 P-48ESect-10.4 P-49ESect-10.4 P-50ESect-10.4 P-51ESect-10.4 P-52ESect-10.4 P-53ESect-10.4 P-54ESect-10.4 P-55ESect-10.4 P-56ESect-10.5 P-1ESect-10.5 P-2ESect-10.5 P-3ESect-10.5 P-4ESect-10.5 P-5ESect-10.5 P-6ESect-10.5 P-7ESect-10.5 P-8ESect-10.5 P-9ESect-10.5 P-10ESect-10.5 P-11ESect-10.5 P-12ESect-10.5 P-13ESect-10.5 P-14ESect-10.5 P-15ESect-10.5 P-16ESect-10.5 P-17ESect-10.5 P-18ESect-10.5 P-19ESect-10.5 P-20ESect-10.5 P-21ESect-10.5 P-22ESect-10.5 P-23ESect-10.5 P-24ESect-10.5 P-25ESect-10.5 P-26ESect-10.5 P-27ESect-10.5 P-28ESect-10.5 P-29ESect-10.5 P-30ESect-10.5 P-31ESect-10.5 P-32ESect-10.5 P-33ESect-10.5 P-34ESect-10.5 P-35ESect-10.5 P-36ESect-10.5 P-37ESect-10.5 P-38ESect-10.5 P-39ESect-10.5 P-40ESect-10.5 P-41ESect-10.5 P-42ESect-10.5 P-43ESect-10.5 P-44ESect-10.5 P-45ESect-10.5 P-46ESect-10.5 P-47ESect-10.5 P-48ESect-10.5 P-49ESect-10.5 P-50ESect-10.5 P-51ESect-10.5 P-52ESect-10.5 P-53ESect-10.5 P-54ESect-10.5 P-55ESect-10.5 P-56ESect-10.5 P-57ESect-10.5 P-58ESect-10.5 P-59ESect-10.5 P-60ESect-10.5 P-61ESect-10.5 P-62ESect-10.5 P-63ESect-10.5 P-64ESect-10.5 P-65ESect-10.5 P-66ESect-10.6 P-1ESect-10.6 P-2ESect-10.6 P-3ESect-10.6 P-4ESect-10.6 P-5ESect-10.6 P-6ESect-10.6 P-7ESect-10.6 P-8ESect-10.6 P-9ESect-10.6 P-10ESect-10.6 P-11ESect-10.6 P-12ESect-10.6 P-13ESect-10.6 P-14ESect-10.6 P-15ESect-10.6 P-16ESect-10.6 P-17ESect-10.6 P-18ESect-10.6 P-19ESect-10.6 P-20ESect-10.6 P-21ESect-10.6 P-22ESect-10.6 P-23ESect-10.6 P-24ESect-10.6 P-25ESect-10.6 P-26ESect-10.6 P-27ESect-10.6 P-28ESect-10.6 P-29ESect-10.6 P-30ESect-10.6 P-31ECh-10 P-1RCCCh-10 P-2RCCCh-10 P-3RCCCh-10 P-4RCCCh-10 P-5RCCCh-10 P-6RCCCh-10 P-7RCCCh-10 P-8RCCCh-10 P-9RCCCh-10 P-1RQCh-10 P-2RQCh-10 P-3RQCh-10 P-4RQCh-10 P-5RQCh-10 P-6RQCh-10 P-7RQCh-10 P-8RQCh-10 P-9RQCh-10 P-10RQCh-10 P-1RECh-10 P-2RECh-10 P-3RECh-10 P-4RECh-10 P-5RECh-10 P-6RECh-10 P-7RECh-10 P-8RECh-10 P-9RECh-10 P-10RECh-10 P-11RECh-10 P-12RECh-10 P-13RECh-10 P-14RECh-10 P-15RECh-10 P-16RECh-10 P-17RECh-10 P-18RECh-10 P-19RECh-10 P-20RECh-10 P-21RECh-10 P-22RECh-10 P-23RECh-10 P-24RECh-10 P-25RECh-10 P-26RECh-10 P-27RECh-10 P-28RECh-10 P-29RECh-10 P-30RECh-10 P-31RECh-10 P-32RECh-10 P-33RECh-10 P-34RECh-10 P-35RECh-10 P-36RECh-10 P-37RECh-10 P-38RECh-10 P-39RECh-10 P-40RECh-10 P-41RECh-10 P-42RECh-10 P-43RECh-10 P-44RECh-10 P-45RECh-10 P-46RECh-10 P-47RECh-10 P-48RECh-10 P-49RECh-10 P-50RECh-10 P-51RECh-10 P-52RECh-10 P-53RECh-10 P-54RECh-10 P-55RECh-10 P-56RECh-10 P-57RECh-10 P-58RECh-10 P-1PCh-10 P-2PCh-10 P-3PCh-10 P-4PCh-10 P-5PCh-10 P-6P

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