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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

You have two flasks of equal volume. Flask A contains H2 at 0 °C and 1 atm pressure. Flask B contains CO2 gas at 25 °C and 2 atm pressure. Compare these two gases with respect to each of the following:

  1. (a) average kinetic energy per molecule
  2. (b) root mean square speed
  3. (c) number of molecules
  4. (d) mass of gas

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The average kinetic energy of two gases given should be compared.

Concept Introduction:

  • The temperature of the gas is proportional to the average kinetic energy of the gas.
  • Average kinetic energy can be denoted by KE¯

KE¯=32RT32R-proportionalityconstantT-Temperature

  • Equation which relates mass, average speed and temperature:

    u2¯=3RTMu2¯-averagespeedM-Molecularmassu2¯-rootmeansquare(rms)

Explanation

The average kinetic energy of H2andCO2 at different temperatures

Given flask A contain H2 and flask B contain CO2

  H2-Temperature=0°C=273KPressure=1atmCO2 -Temperature=25°C=25+273=298Pressure=2atm

Average kinetic energy can be calculated using the equation:

  KE¯=32RT32R-proportionalityconstantT-Temperature

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

The average rms has be compared.

Concept Introduction:

  • The temperature of the gas is proportional to the average kinetic energy of the gas.
  • Average kinetic energy can be denoted by KE¯

KE¯=32RT32R-proportionalityconstantT-Temperature

  • Equation which relates mass, average speed and temperature:

    u2¯=3RTMu2¯-averagespeedM-Molecularmassu2¯-rootmeansquare(rms)

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

The average number of molecules of two gases given should be compared.

Concept Introduction:

  • The temperature of the gas is proportional to the average kinetic energy of the gas.
  • Average kinetic energy can be denoted by KE¯

KE¯=32RT32R-proportionalityconstantT-Temperature

  • Equation which relates mass, average speed and temperature:

    u2¯=3RTMu2¯-averagespeedM-Molecularmassu2¯-rootmeansquare(rms)

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

The average masses of two gases given should be compared.

Concept Introduction:

  • The temperature of the gas is proportional to the average kinetic energy of the gas.
  • Average kinetic energy can be denoted by KE¯

KE¯=32RT32R-proportionalityconstantT-Temperature

  • Equation which relates mass, average speed and temperature:

    u2¯=3RTMu2¯-averagespeedM-Molecularmassu2¯-rootmeansquare(rms)

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Chapter 10 Solutions

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Sect-10.6 P-10.11CYUSect-10.7 P-10.12CYUSect-10.8 P-1.1ACPSect-10.8 P-1.2ACPSect-10.8 P-2.1ACPSect-10.8 P-2.2ACPSect-10.8 P-2.3ACPSect-10.8 P-3.1ACPSect-10.8 P-3.2ACPCh-10 P-1PSCh-10 P-2PSCh-10 P-3PSCh-10 P-4PSCh-10 P-5PSCh-10 P-6PSCh-10 P-7PSCh-10 P-8PSCh-10 P-9PSCh-10 P-10PSCh-10 P-11PSCh-10 P-12PSCh-10 P-13PSCh-10 P-14PSCh-10 P-15PSCh-10 P-16PSCh-10 P-17PSCh-10 P-18PSCh-10 P-19PSCh-10 P-20PSCh-10 P-21PSCh-10 P-22PSCh-10 P-23PSCh-10 P-24PSCh-10 P-25PSCh-10 P-26PSCh-10 P-27PSCh-10 P-28PSCh-10 P-29PSCh-10 P-30PSCh-10 P-31PSCh-10 P-32PSCh-10 P-33PSCh-10 P-34PSCh-10 P-35PSCh-10 P-36PSCh-10 P-37PSCh-10 P-38PSCh-10 P-39PSCh-10 P-40PSCh-10 P-41PSCh-10 P-42PSCh-10 P-43PSCh-10 P-44PSCh-10 P-45PSCh-10 P-46PSCh-10 P-47PSCh-10 P-48PSCh-10 P-49PSCh-10 P-50PSCh-10 P-51PSCh-10 P-52PSCh-10 P-53PSCh-10 P-54PSCh-10 P-55PSCh-10 P-56PSCh-10 P-57GQCh-10 P-58GQCh-10 P-59GQCh-10 P-60GQCh-10 P-61GQCh-10 P-62GQCh-10 P-63GQCh-10 P-64GQCh-10 P-65GQCh-10 P-66GQCh-10 P-67GQCh-10 P-68GQCh-10 P-69GQCh-10 P-70GQCh-10 P-71GQCh-10 P-72GQCh-10 P-73GQCh-10 P-74GQCh-10 P-75GQCh-10 P-76GQCh-10 P-77GQCh-10 P-78GQCh-10 P-79GQCh-10 P-80GQCh-10 P-81GQCh-10 P-83GQCh-10 P-84GQCh-10 P-85GQCh-10 P-86GQCh-10 P-87GQCh-10 P-88GQCh-10 P-89GQCh-10 P-90GQCh-10 P-91GQCh-10 P-92GQCh-10 P-93GQCh-10 P-94GQCh-10 P-95ILCh-10 P-96ILCh-10 P-97ILCh-10 P-98ILCh-10 P-99ILCh-10 P-100ILCh-10 P-101ILCh-10 P-102ILCh-10 P-103ILCh-10 P-105ILCh-10 P-106ILCh-10 P-107SCQCh-10 P-108SCQCh-10 P-109SCQCh-10 P-110SCQCh-10 P-111SCQCh-10 P-112SCQCh-10 P-113SCQCh-10 P-114SCQCh-10 P-115SCQCh-10 P-116SCQ

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