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Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305957404

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

10th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305957404
Textbook Problem

X rays from a copper X-ray tube (λ = 154 pm) were diffracted at an angle of 14.22 degrees by a crystal of silicon. Assuming first-order diffraction (n = 1 in the Bragg equation), what is the interplanar spacing in silicon?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

               The interplanar distance of the silicon crystal has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

               The structure of a crystalline solid can be determined by X-ray diffraction method using the Bragg equation,

                                  Where,   =2dsinθn=order of diffraction, positive integer.λ=wavelength of  incident light.d =interplanar distance of a crystal.θ=angle of incident light.

Explanation

Explanation

            Calculate the interplanar distance of the silicon crystal.

            Given data:  λ=154pm=154×10-12mθ=14.22on=1,firstorderdiffraction

                                 =2dsinθ1×154×

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