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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

What type of lithospheric plate boundary is found paralleling the Andes, at the San Andreas Fault, in Iceland, and near the Himalayas?

To determine

The type of lithospheric boundary that is found paralleling the Andes, at the San Andreas Fault, in Iceland, and near the Himalayas.

Explanation

Plate divergence is said to be the pulling apart of plates, as it occurs along with seafloor spreading. Tectonic forces that pull the rock masses and the crustal stretching sometimes result in shallow earthquakes, and the basaltic magma from the mantle also comes up along with the crustal fractures. This process creates a new ocean floor as it moves away from each other, and it is called as oceanic–oceanic divergence. Iceland and Azores are some places associated with this type of plate boundary.

Vast variety crustal activities occur along the areas of tectonic plate convergence. Some places are tectonically more active. The deep trenches, volcanic activity, and mountain ranges are formed along convergent plate boundaries and depend on the type of crustal plate involved in the collision.

The collision between oceanic crust and continental crust result in the subduction of dense oceanic crust under the less dense continental crust...

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