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Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881

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Cornerstones of Financial Accounti...

4th Edition
Jay Rich + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337690881
Textbook Problem
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Leverage

Enrietto Aquatic Products’ offer to acquire Fiberglass Products for $2,000,000 cash has been accepted. Enrietto has $1,000,000 of liquid assets that can be converted into cash and plans to either sell common stock or issue bonds to raise the remaining $1,000,000. Before this acquisition, Enrietto’s condensed balance sheet and condensed income statement were as follows:

Chapter 10, Problem 92.1C, Leverage Enrietto Aquatic Products offer to acquire Fiberglass Products for $2,000,000 cash has been

Enrietto’s policy is to pay 60% of net income to stockholders as dividends. Enrietto expects to be able to raise the $1,000,000 it needs for the acquisition by selling 50,000 shares of common stock at $20 each or by issuing $1,000,000 of 20-year, 12% bonds. Enrietto expects income from operations to grow by $700,000 after Fiberglass Products has been acquired. (Interest expense will increase if debt is used to finance the acquisition.)

Required:

Determine the return on equity (net income/total equity) before the acquisition and for both financing alternatives (round percentages to two decimal places).

To determine

Concept introduction:

Stocks (Common Stock and Preferred Stock):

These are two types of the share capital of a company. Common Stock represents the Common shares issued to the shareholders and preferred stock represents the preference shares issued. Preference shares are given preference in payment of dividends and repayment of capital. Common shareholders get the inbuilt right to vote in decisions of the company and preference shareholders generally do not get this right but they may get voting rights with special provisions.

Return on Equity:

Return on Equity is the rate of return earned by the Stockholders on their investment in the company. It is calculated with the help of following formula:

Return on Equity = Net IncomeAverage Stockholders Equity

The Average stock holder’s equity calculated with the help of following formula:

Average stock holders equity=( Beginning stock holders equity + Ending stock holders equity)2

To calculate:

The Return on Equity before and after the acquisition for both financing alternatives.

Explanation

The Return on Equity before and after the acquisition for both financing alternatives is calculated as follows:

Before the Acquisition
After the Acquisition
Common Stock Option Bond Option
Income from Operations $ 6,000,000 $6,700,000 $ 6,700,000
(6000000+700000)
Less: Interest Expense $ (1,000,000) $ (1,000,000) $ (1,100,000)

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