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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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sing the symbol 0f the previous noble gas to indicate core electrons, write the valence shell electron configuration for each of the following elements.

titanium, =  22 c. antimony, Z = 51

selenium, Z = 34 d. strontium, Z = 38

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of the given element by using the symbol of the previous noble gas is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

Explanation

The electronic configuration of titanium that has atomic number equal to Z=22 is shown as,

[Ar]3d24s2

This electronic configuration is shown by using the symbol of the noble gas, argon [Ar], which has atomic number equal to 18

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of the given element by using the symbol of the previous noble gas is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of the given element by using the symbol of the previous noble gas is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

The electronic configuration of the given element, antimony, is [Kr]4d105s25p3.

The electronic configuration of antimony that has atomic number equal to Z=51 is shown as,

[Kr]4d105s25p3

This electronic configuration is shown by using the symbol of the noble gas, krypton [Kr], which has atomic number equal to 36. The total number of core electrons, that is, 36 possessed by antimony is shown by the symbol of krypton [Kr]. The electronic configuration of krypton is 1s22s22p63s23p63d104s24p6.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of the given element by using the symbol of the previous noble gas is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

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