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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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rrange the following atoms in order of increasing size (assuming all atoms are in their ground states).

msp;  a .   [ Kr ] 5 s 2 4 d 1 0 5 p 6 b .   [ kr ] 5 s 2 4 d 1 0 5 p 1 c .   [ kr ] 5 s 2 4 d 1 0 5 p 3

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The order of increasing size of the given atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distance between the nucleus and the valence shell electrons of an atom is known to be the atomic size of that atom. According to the periodic table, the atomic size increases while going down the group and decreases while moving left to right in the period.

Explanation

The electronic configuration given in option a, is [Kr]5s24d105p6. The element that corresponds to the given electronic configuration is xenon with atomic number equal to Z=54. Xenon is located at the extreme right position in the periodic table. Thus, it possesses the smallest atomic size.

The electronic configuration given in option b, is [Kr]5s24d105p1. The element that corresponds to the given electronic configuration is indium with atomic number equal to Z=49. Indium is located in group 13 of the periodic table

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