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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781305081079
Chapter 11, Problem 11.51EP
Textbook Problem
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Convert each of the following 3′-to-5′ DNA base sequences to 5′-to-3′ DNA base sequences.

  1. a. 3′ ATCG 5′
  2. b. 3′ AATA 5′
  3. c. 3′ CACA 5′
  4. d. 3′ CAAC 5′

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Conversion of the 3' ATCG 5' DNA base sequence to 5'-to-3' has to be done.

Concept introduction: The three-dimensional structure of DNA is composed of heterogeneous bases A, T, C, and G.  They form complementary base pairs.  Adenine pairs with Thiamine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.  Hydrogen bond joins them.

Explanation of Solution

The heterogeneous bases A, T, C, and G form complementary base pairs.  Adenine pairs with Thiamine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.  Therefore, the complementary strand of 3'<

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Conversion of the 3' AATA 5' DNA base sequence to 5'-to-3' has to be drawn.

Concept introduction: The three-dimensional structure of DNA is composed of heterogeneous bases A, T, C, and G.  They form complementary base pairs.  Adenine pairs with Thiamine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.  Hydrogen bond joins them.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Conversion of the 3' CACA 5' DNA base sequence to 5'-to-3' has to be drawn.

Concept introduction: The three-dimensional structure of DNA is composed of heterogeneous bases A, T, C, and G.  They form complementary base pairs.  Adenine pairs with Thiamine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.  Hydrogen bond joins them.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Conversion of the 3' CAAC 5' DNA base sequence to 5'-to-3' has to be drawn.

Concept introduction: The three-dimensional structure of DNA is composed of heterogeneous bases A, T, C, and G.  They form complementary base pairs.  Adenine pairs with Thiamine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.  Hydrogen bond joins them.

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Chapter 11 Solutions

Organic And Biological Chemistry
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Ch. 11.4 - The backbone of a nucleic acid molecule involves...Ch. 11.4 - In a segment of a nucleic acid each nonterminal...Ch. 11.4 - In a segment of a nucleic acid a terminal...Ch. 11.4 - The sequence of bases in a segment of nucleic acid...Ch. 11.5 - Which of the following statements concerning a DNA...Ch. 11.5 - Which of the following is the complementary base...Ch. 11.5 - Fifteen percent of the bases in a certain DNA...Ch. 11.5 - Which of the following is the correct...Ch. 11.6 - Replication of DNA produces two daughter molecules...Ch. 11.6 - In DNA replication the DNA double helix unwinds...Ch. 11.6 - In DNA replication the new strand that is...Ch. 11.6 - In DNA replication the unwinding of the DNA double...Ch. 11.6 - A chromosome is a proteinDNA complex that contains...Ch. 11.7 - The first phase of protein synthesis is called a....Ch. 11.7 - The product of the first phase of protein...Ch. 11.8 - RNA molecules differ from DNA molecules in that...Ch. 11.8 - The m in the designation mRNA stands for a. mega...Ch. 11.8 - The t in the designation tRNA stands for a....Ch. 11.8 - Which of the following types of RNA is involved in...Ch. 11.9 - Which of the following statements concerning the...Ch. 11.9 - What is the complementary hnRNA base sequence...Ch. 11.9 - The location in a DNA strand carrying the...Ch. 11.9 - Which of the following types of RNA contains...Ch. 11.9 - Which of the following types of RNA is not part of...Ch. 11.10 - Which of the following statements concerning...Ch. 11.10 - The genetic code is a listing that gives...Ch. 11.10 - Which of the following statements concerning the...Ch. 11.10 - Without reference to the genetic code, which of...Ch. 11.11 - Which of the following is an incorrect pairing of...Ch. 11.11 - Which of the following statements concerning the...Ch. 11.11 - A tRNA molecule with the anticodon 5 AAG 3 will...Ch. 11.12 - Which of the following statements about ribosomes...Ch. 11.12 - Which of the following events is not part of the...Ch. 11.12 - The number of codon binding sites in an...Ch. 11.12 - A polyribosome is a complex that a. contains four...Ch. 11.12 - Which of the following is an activity that does...Ch. 11.13 - Which of the following describes the effect of a...Ch. 11.13 - Which of the following describes the effect of a...Ch. 11.13 - Which of the following statements applies to both...Ch. 11.14 - Which of the following statements about a virus is...Ch. 11.14 - Which of the following pairings of concepts is an...Ch. 11.15 - The meaning for the lower case r in the...Ch. 11.15 - Which of the following statements about rDNA is...Ch. 11.15 - The role of E. coli plasmids in obtaining rDNA is...Ch. 11.15 - A restriction enzyme is an enzyme that a. prevents...Ch. 11.15 - The process of inserting recombinant DNA into a...Ch. 11.16 - The polymerase chain reaction is a method for...Ch. 11.16 - Each cycle of the polymerase chain reaction a....Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following pentoses is...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the pentoses in Problem...Ch. 11 - With the help of Figure 22-2, identify each of the...Ch. 11 - With the help of Figure 22-2, identify each of the...Ch. 11 - With the help of Figure 22-2, what is the...Ch. 11 - With the help of Figure 22-2, what is the...Ch. 11 - With the help of Figure 22-2, indicate whether...Ch. 11 - With the help of Figure 22-2, indicate whether...Ch. 11 - How many different choices are there for each of...Ch. 11 - How many different choices are there for each of...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - What is the name of the nucleoside that contains...Ch. 11 - What is the name of the nucleoside that contains...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following is a DNA...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following is a DNA...Ch. 11 - Nucleotides containing ribose, thymine, and...Ch. 11 - Nucleotides containing deoxyribose, uracil, and...Ch. 11 - What nitrogen-containing base and what sugar are...Ch. 11 - What nitrogen-containing base and what sugar are...Ch. 11 - What is the name of each of the nucleotides in...Ch. 11 - What is the name of each of the nucleotides in...Ch. 11 - Consider the following nucleotide. a. What is the...Ch. 11 - Consider the following nucleotide. a. What is the...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following is (1) a...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following is (1) a...Ch. 11 - For the trinucleotide 5 GCA 3 a. How many...Ch. 11 - For the trinucleotide 5 UCG 3 a. How many...Ch. 11 - Is the trinucleotide in Problem 22-31 found only...Ch. 11 - Is the trinucleotide in Problem 22-32 found only...Ch. 11 - In the lengthening of a polynucleotide chain,...Ch. 11 - In the lengthening of a polynucleotide chain,...Ch. 11 - Draw the structure of the RNA dinucleotide 5 UG 3.Ch. 11 - Draw the structure of the DNA dinucleotide 5 TA 3.Ch. 11 - For the trinucleotide 5 T-G-A 3 a. How many...Ch. 11 - For the trinucleotide 5 U-C-G 3 a. How many...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following are...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following are...Ch. 11 - The base content of a particular DNA molecule is...Ch. 11 - The base content of a particular DNA molecule is...Ch. 11 - What structural consideration prevents the bases A...Ch. 11 - What structural consideration prevents the bases C...Ch. 11 - The base composition for one of the strands of a...Ch. 11 - The base composition for one of the strands of a...Ch. 11 - Convert each of the following 3-to-5 DNA base...Ch. 11 - Convert each of the following 3-to-5 DNA base...Ch. 11 - Using the concept of complementary base pairing,...Ch. 11 - Using the concept of complementary base pairing,...Ch. 11 - For the DNA segment 5 TTGCAC 3 how many of each of...Ch. 11 - For the DNA segment 5 TAGATG 3 how many of each of...Ch. 11 - What is the base sequence, specified in the 5-to-3...Ch. 11 - 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Give two reasons why bacterial cells are used for...Ch. 11 - What role do plasmids play in recombinant DNA...Ch. 11 - Describe what occurs when a particular restriction...Ch. 11 - Describe what happens during transformation.Ch. 11 - How are plasmids obtained from E. coli bacteria?Ch. 11 - A particular restriction enzyme will cleave DNA...Ch. 11 - A particular restriction enzyme will cleave DNA...Ch. 11 - Which of the following processes(1) transcription...Ch. 11 - Which of the following processes(1) transcription...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...Ch. 11 - Indicate whether each of the following statements...

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