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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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rite the shorthand valence shell electron configuration of each of the following elements, basing your answer on the element's location on the periodic table.

nickel, Z = 23 c. hafnium, Z = 72

niobium, Z = 41 d. astatine, Z = 85

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The shorthand valence shell electronic configuration of the given element, based on its location on the periodic table is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom. The noble gas configuration is also known as shorthand electronic configuration.

The electrons that are present in the outermost shell of an atom are known as valence electrons. The outermost shell of an atom is known as valence shell. The valence electrons are more loosely held than the electrons which are closer to the nucleus.

Explanation

The valence shell electronic configuration of nickel is underlined in the actual shorthand configuration of nickel which is shown as,

[Ar]3d84s2_

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The shorthand valence shell electronic configuration of the given element, based on its location on the periodic table is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom. The noble gas configuration is also known as shorthand electronic configuration.

The electrons that are present in the outermost shell of an atom are known as valence electrons. The outermost shell of an atom is known as valence shell. The valence electrons are more loosely held than the electrons which are closer to the nucleus.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The shorthand valence shell electronic configuration of the given element, based on its location on the periodic table is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom. The noble gas configuration is also known as shorthand electronic configuration.

The electrons that are present in the outermost shell of an atom are known as valence electrons. The outermost shell of an atom is known as valence shell. The valence electrons are more loosely held than the electrons which are closer to the nucleus.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The shorthand valence shell electronic configuration of the given element, based on its location on the periodic table is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom. The noble gas configuration is also known as shorthand electronic configuration.

The electrons that are present in the outermost shell of an atom are known as valence electrons. The outermost shell of an atom is known as valence shell. The valence electrons are more loosely held than the electrons which are closer to the nucleus.

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