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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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hich of the following statements is(are) true?

The 2s orbital in the hydrogen atom is larger than the 3s orbital also in the hydrogen atom.

The Bohr model of the hydrogen atom has been found to be incorrect.

The hydrogen atom has quantized energy levels.

An orbital is the same as a Bohr orbit.

The third energy level has three sublevels, the s, p, and d sublevels.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The true statement regarding hydrogen atom and orbitals is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Bohr model states that the atom is a small, positively charged nucleus; surrounded by the electrons moving in the circular orbit around the nucleus. Bohr model was only applicable to the elements that contain one electron like hydrogen atom.

Electrons are the negatively charged sub-particles that are present in orbitals. One orbital can accommodate maximum two electrons. The subshells s, p, d and f comprises 1, 3, 5 and 7 orbitals respectively.

This part should explain the concept behind true statements.

Explanation

Reason for true statements: c. It is true that the hydrogen atom has quantized energy levels because in hydrogen atom attains the certain discrete energy levels to migrate its electron to higher energy level.

e. It is true that the third energy level has three sublevels, the s, p, and d sublevels that contain different number of orbitals.

The explanations corresponding to the true statements are given below.

c. Hydrogen atom attains the certain discrete energy levels to migrate its electron to higher energy level. Then, the electron goes back to the lower energy level from the higher energy level by releasing the energy in the form of a photon. As the energy possessed by the photon corresponds to the energy change that is actually experienced by the atom while moving from excited state to the ground state.

e. The third energy level has three sublevels, the s, p, and d sublevels that contain different number of orbitals. These orbitals have the probability to find out an electron is maximum. The orbitals possess at most of two electrons in them.

Reason for false statements:

a...

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