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University Physics Volume 3

17th Edition
William Moebs + 1 other
ISBN: 9781938168185
BuyFindarrow_forward

University Physics Volume 3

17th Edition
William Moebs + 1 other
ISBN: 9781938168185
Textbook Problem

Briefly compare the Van de Graaff accelerator, linear accelerator, cyclotron, and synchrotron accelerator.

To determine

To compare:

Van de Graff accelerator, linear accelerator, cyclotron and synchrotron accelerator

Explanation

Introduction:

An accelerator is a device which is made for the acceleration of charge particles.

Van de Graff accelerator, linear accelerator, cyclotron and synchrotron accelerator are different types of particle accelerators.

Van de Graff accelerator

The acceleration, in this case, is done by collecting the charges on a hollow metal sphere. This is done with the help of a moving belt. When an adequate potential difference is developed in the sphere, the acceleration of particles is started through an evacuated tube.in this type of accelerator, there's no production of new particles. This is due to the low value of the energy produced.

linear accelerator

Here large energies are produced. In the beginning, the acceleration is done by a constant line of charged hollow tubes. Since the particles move faster as it accelerates, the tubes are designed in such a way that each tube is longer than the previous one...

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