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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
6 views

An excited atom can release some or all of its excess energy by emitting a(n) and thus move to a lower energy state.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The question wants us to specify whether an atom can release some or all of its energy by emitting something or a particle.

Concept Introduction:

Electromagnetic radiation contains radiation which has the property of both the particles and waves. The energy of these radiation is discrete and is characterized by a photon. When one sends a beam of such radiation through a sample containing atoms the atoms could absorb the energy and then promote it to a state called an excited state which has higher energy with very low stability. But atoms are highly unstable at these excited states.

Explanation

Energy is absorbed by an atom when it is irradiated with electromagnetic radiation..If the energy gap between the ground state of an atom(lowest possible energy of an atom) and the excited state of an atom exactly matches with the energy supplied by the photons in visible region of the spectrum, the atom absorbs radiation. After absorbing energy the atom reaches a state of an energy called an excited state possessing a higher amount of energy along with higher instability...

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