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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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r Questions 11—13, you will need to consider ionizations beyond the first ionization energy. For example, the second ionization energy is the energy to remove a second electron from an element.

The first four ionization energies for elements X and Y are shown below. The units are not kJ/mol.

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X Y
First 170 200
second 350 400
Third 1800 3500
fouth 2500 5000

entify the elements X and Y. There may be more than one answer. so explain completely.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the elements X and Y, from the given ionization potential values.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization energy is the energy required to remove an electron from the outermost orbital.

Explanation

When we observe the first and second ionization energies, they are somewhat near to each other. Observing the third and fourth ionization energies, the values are somewhat near to each other. Based on this, we can come to a conclusion that, there is a sudden rise in energy from second and third ionization energies. That means it is obvious that the first two ionization energies belong to electrons from one orbital. The third and fourth ionization energies belong to electrons from another orbital...

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