   Chapter 11, Problem 14CDQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Both Gouda Company and Cheddar Company had the same sales, total costs, and operating income for the current fiscal year; yet Gouda Company had a lower break-even point than Cheddar Company. Explain the reason for this difference in break-even points.

To determine

Concept Introduction:

Cost Volume Profit (CVP) Analysis:

The Cost Volume Profit analysis is the analysis of the relation between cost, volume, and profit of a product. It analyzes the cost and profits at the different level of production, in order to determine the breakeven point and required the level of sales to earn the desired profit.

Contribution margin means the margin that is left with the company after recovering variable cost out of revenue earned by selling smart phones. The formula for contribution margin is as follows:

Contribution margin = Sales - Variable cost.

Similarly contribution margin ratio = Contribution/sales

Breakeven Point:

The Breakeven point is the level of sales at which the net profit is nil. It can be explained as a situation where the business is generating a sale that is equal to the expenses incurred and hence no profits no loss. Breakeven point in $is calculated with the help of following formula: Breakeven point (units) = Total Fixed Costs(Sales Price Per unit -Variable Cost per unit) To Indicate: The reason for difference in breakeven points of the companies Explanation The Breakeven point is the level of sales at which the net profit is nil. It can be explained as a situation where the business is generating a sale that is equal to the expenses incurred and hence no profits no loss. Breakeven point in$ is calculated with the help of following formula:

Breakeven point (units)

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