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In the summer of 1958 in St. Petersburg, Florida, a new sidewalk was poured near the childhood home of one of the authors. No expansion joints were supplied, and by mid-July, the sidewalk had been completely destroyed by thermal expansion and had to be replaced, this time with the important addition of expansion joints! This event is modeled here. A slab of concrete 4.00 cm thick, 1.00 m long, and 1.00 m wide is poured for a sidewalk at an ambient temperature of 25.0°C and allowed to set. The slab is exposed to direct sunlight and placed in a series of such slabs without proper expansion joints, so linear expansion is prevented. (a) Using the linear expansion equation (Eq. 10.4), eliminate Δ L from the equation for compressive stress and strain (Eq. 9.3). (b) Use the expression found in pan (a) to eliminate Δ T from Equation 11.3, obtaining a symbolic equation for thermal energy transfer Q . (c) Compute the mass of the concrete slab given that its density is 2.40 × 10 3 kg/m 3 . (d) Concrete has an ultimate compressive strength of 2.00 × 10 7 Pa, specific heat of 880J/kg · °C, and Young’s modulus of 2.1 × 1010 Pa. How much thermal energy must be transferred to the slab to reach this compressive stress? (e) What temperature change is required? (f) If the Sun delivers 1.00 × 10 3 W of power to the top surface of the slab and if half the energy, on the average, is absorbed and retained, how long does it take the slab to reach the point at which it is in danger of cracking due to compressive stress?

BuyFind

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305952300
BuyFind

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305952300

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 11, Problem 16P
Textbook Problem

In the summer of 1958 in St. Petersburg, Florida, a new sidewalk was poured near the childhood home of one of the authors. No expansion joints were supplied, and by mid-July, the sidewalk had been completely destroyed by thermal expansion and had to be replaced, this time with the important addition of expansion joints! This event is modeled here. A slab of concrete 4.00 cm thick, 1.00 m long, and 1.00 m wide is poured for a sidewalk at an ambient temperature of 25.0°C and allowed to set. The slab is exposed to direct sunlight and placed in a series of such slabs without proper expansion joints, so linear expansion is prevented. (a) Using the linear expansion equation (Eq. 10.4), eliminate ΔL from the equation for compressive stress and strain (Eq. 9.3). (b) Use the expression found in pan (a) to eliminate ΔT from Equation 11.3, obtaining a symbolic equation for thermal energy transfer Q. (c) Compute the mass of the concrete slab given that its density is 2.40 × 103 kg/m3. (d) Concrete has an ultimate compressive strength of 2.00 × 107 Pa, specific heat of 880J/kg · °C, and Young’s modulus of 2.1 × 1010 Pa. How much thermal energy must be transferred to the slab to reach this compressive stress? (e) What temperature change is required? (f) If the Sun delivers 1.00 × 103 W of power to the top surface of the slab and if half the energy, on the average, is absorbed and retained, how long does it take the slab to reach the point at which it is in danger of cracking due to compressive stress?

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Chapter 11 Solutions

College Physics
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