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(Indicates a review question, which means it requires only a basic understanding of the material to answer. Questions without this designation typically involve integrating or extending the concepts presented thus far.) . What are the principal steps in neutron activation analysis? Why are neutrons used in this technique to probe the composition of objects instead of, say, protons or alpha particles?

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Inquiry into Physics

8th Edition
Ostdiek
Publisher: Cengage
ISBN: 9781337515863
Chapter 11, Problem 20Q
Textbook Problem
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(Indicates a review question, which means it requires only a basic understanding of the material to answer. Questions without this designation typically involve integrating or extending the concepts presented thus far.)

. What are the principal steps in neutron activation analysis? Why are neutrons used in this technique to probe the composition of objects instead of, say, protons or alpha particles?

To determine

The principal steps in neutron activation analysis, and the reason for neutrons used in this technique to probe the composition of objects.

Explanation of Solution

Neutron activation analysis is a process used to trace the presence of specific element in given sample. In neutron activation analysis, the neutrons interact with stable nucleus and convert that into radioactive.

First step in neutron activation analysis is bombarding the neutrons with material which we need to test. This time, many nuclei in the material transforms into radioactive. Now, we are monitoring the energy and intensity of the radiation...

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Inquiry into Physics
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Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - (Indicates a review question, which means it...Ch. 11 - Determine the nuclear composition (number of...Ch. 11 - The isotope helium-6 undergoes beta decay. Write...Ch. 11 - The isotope silver-110 undergoes beta decay. Write...Ch. 11 - A nucleus of oxygen-15 undergoes electron capture....Ch. 11 - The isotope polonium-210 undergoes alpha decay....Ch. 11 - The isotope plutonium-239 undergoes alpha decay....Ch. 11 - The isotope silver-107* undergoes gamma decay....Ch. 11 - The following is a possible fission reaction....Ch. 11 - The following is a possible fission reaction....Ch. 11 - . Two deuterium nuclei can undergo two different...Ch. 11 - . At the centers of some stars, nitrogen-15 can...Ch. 11 - . Iron-58 and bismuth-209 fuse into a large...Ch. 11 - . A Geiger counter registers a count rate of 4,000...Ch. 11 - . Iodine-131, a beta emitter, has a half-life of 8...Ch. 11 - . An accident in a laboratory results in a room...Ch. 11 - . The amount of carbon-14 in an ancient wooden...Ch. 11 - . When the plutonium bomb was tested in New Mexico...Ch. 11 - . A nucleus of element 1 12—copernicium—is formed...Ch. 11 - . A nucleus of element 1 14—flerovium—is produced...Ch. 11 - . Suppose that the mass of the proton and the mass...Ch. 11 - . The most abundant isotope of lithium, Li-7,...Ch. 11 - . Careful measurements of the mass of a hvdrogen-3...Ch. 11 - Geiger counters are not very accurate when the...Ch. 11 - As a general rule, the radioactivity from a...Ch. 11 - The naturally occurring radioisotopes uranium-238...Ch. 11 - For nuclei with that are not in highly excited...Ch. 11 - Using the information given in Section 11.5 and...Ch. 11 - The Q-value of a nuclear reaction is a measure of...Ch. 11 - What is the vacuum wavelength of the 0.186 MeV ray...

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