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At time *t*, the vector
*xy* coordinate system (
*t* is in seconds). (a) Find an expression for the torque acting on the particle relative to the origin. (b) Is the magnitude of the particle’s

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# Chapter 11 Solutions

FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICS - EXTENDED

- A thin rod of length 2.65 m and mass 13.7 kg is rotated at anangular speed of 3.89 rad/s around an axis perpendicular to therod and through its center of mass. Find the magnitude of therods angular momentum.
*arrow_forward*A solid cylinder of mass 2.0 kg and radius 20 cm is rotating counterclockwise around a vertical axis through its center at 600 rev/min. A second solid cylinder of the same mass and radius is rotating clockwise around the same vertical axis at 900 rev/min. If the cylinders couple so that they rotate about the same vertical axis, what is the angular velocity of the combination?*arrow_forward*The position vector of a particle of mass 2.00 kg as a function of time is given by r=(6.00i+5.00tj), where r is in meters and t is in seconds. Determine the angular momentum of the particle about the origin as a function of time.*arrow_forward* - A wheel 2.00 m in diameter lies in a vertical plane and rotates about its central axis with a constant angular acceleration of 4.00 rad/s2. The wheel starts at rest at t = 0, and the radius vector of a certain point P on the rim makes an angle of 57.3 with the horizontal at this time. At t = 2.00 s, find (a) the angular speed of the wheel and, for point P, (b) the tangential speed, (c) the total acceleration, and (d) the angular position.
*arrow_forward*A student sits on a freely rotating stool holding two dumbbells, each of mass 3.00 kg (Fig. P10.56). When his arms are extended horizontally (Fig. P10.56a), the dumbbells are 1.00 m from the axis of rotation and the student rotates with an angular speed of 0.750 rad/s. The moment of inertia of the student plus stool is 3.00 kg m2 and is assumed to be constant. The student pulls the dumbbells inward horizontally to a position 0.300 m from the rotation axis (Fig. P10.56b). (a) Find the new angular speed of the student. (b) Find the kinetic energy of the rotating system before and after he pulls the dumbbells inward. Figure P10.56*arrow_forward*A thin rod of length 2.65 m and mass 13.7 kg is rotated at anangular speed of 3.89 rad/s around an axis perpendicular to therod and through one of its ends. Find the magnitude of the rodsangular momentum.*arrow_forward* - In testing an automobile tire for proper alignment, a technicianmarks a spot on the tire 0.200 m from the center. He then mountsthe tire in a vertical plane and notes that the radius vector to thespot is at an angle of 35.0 with the horizontal. Starting from rest,the tire is spun rapidly with a constant angular acceleration of 3.00 rad/s2. a. What is the angular speed of the wheel after 4.00 s? b. What is the tangential speed of the spot after 4.00 s? c. What is the magnitude of the total accleration of the spot after 4.00 s?" d. What is the angular position of the spot after 4.00 s?
*arrow_forward*A buzzard (m = 9.29 kg) is flying in circular motion with aspeed of 8.44 m/s while viewing its meal below. If the radius ofthe buzzards circular motion is 8.00 m, what is the angularmomentum of the buzzardaround the center of its motion?*arrow_forward*Two astronauts (Fig. P10.67), each having a mass M, are connected by a rope of length d having negligible mass. They are isolated in space, orbiting their center of mass at speeds v. Treating the astronauts as particles, calculate (a) the magnitude of the angular momentum of the two-astronaut system and (b) the rotational energy of the system. By pulling on the rope, one of the astronauts shortens the distance between them to d/2. (c) What is the new angular momentum of the system? (d) What are the astronauts new speeds? (e) What is the new rotational energy of the system? (f) How much chemical potential energy in the body of the astronaut was converted to mechanical energy in the system when he shortened the rope? Figure P10.67 Problems 67 and 68.*arrow_forward* - A playground merry-go-round of radius R = 2.00 m has a moment of inertia I = 250 kg m2 and is rotating at 10.0 rev/min about a frictionless, vertical axle. Facing the axle, a 25.0-kg child hops onto the merry-go-round and manages to sit down on the edge. What is the new angular speed of the merry-go-round?
*arrow_forward*A uniform disk of mass m = 10.0 kg and radius r = 34.0 cm mounted on a frictionlessaxle through its center, and initially at rest, isacted upon by two tangential forces of equalmagnitude F, acting on opposite sides of itsrim until a point on the rim experiences acentripetal acceleration of 4.00 m/s2 (Fig.P13.73). a. What is the angular momentumof the disk at this time? b. If F = 2.00 N, howlong do the forces have to be applied to thedisk to achieve this centripetal acceleration? FIGURE P13.73*arrow_forward*A space station is coast me ted in the shape of a hollow ring of mass 5.00 104 kg. Members of the crew walk on a deck formed by the inner surface of the outer cylindrical wall of the ring, with radius r = 100 m. At rest when constructed, the ring is set rotating about its axis so that the people inside experience an effective free-fall acceleration equal to g. (Sec Fig. P11.29.) The rotation is achieved by firing two small rockets attached tangentially to opposite points on the rim of the ring, (a) What angular momentum does the space station acquirer (b) For what time interval must the rockets be fired if each exerts a thrust of 125 N?*arrow_forward*

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