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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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When describing the electrons in an orbital, we use arrows pointing upward and downward ( and ) to indicate what property?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

What property is indicated by arrows pointing upward and downward ( or  ) when describing the electrons in an orbital, should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Pauli Exclusion Principle; only maximum of two electrons can be hold by an atomic orbital, and those two electrons should have opposite spins.

Explanation

All atoms beyond the hydrogen have more than one electron. So, one more property of electrons that determines the arrangement in an atom’s orbitals is followed. This property is spin. Every electron appears to be spinning as a top spins on its axis. An electron can spin only in one of two directions. What is most important in about electron spin is that two electrons must have opposite spins to occupy the same orbital. This is called Pauli Exclusion Principle; only maximum of two electrons can be hold by an atomic orbital, and those two electrons should have opposite spins...

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