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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Why can only two electrons occupy a particular orbital? What is this idea called?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Why can only two electrons occupy a particular orbital should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

All atoms beyond the hydrogen have more than one electron. So we have to know one more property of electrons that determines how they can be arranged in an atom’s orbitals. This property is spin. An orbital can contain one or two electrons or can be empty, but never more than two. If two electrons occupy the same orbital they should have opposite spins.

Explanation

Two different electrons cannot have same quantum state. Therefore, maximum number of electrons an orbital can have is two with opposite spins. If a third electron occupies an orbital, it will have a similar spin with an existing electron. So both electrons will have same quantum number...

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