   Chapter 11, Problem 41P

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

A 3.00-g lead bullet at 30.0°C is fired at a speed of 2.40 × 102 m/s into a large, fixed block of ice at 0°C, in which it becomes embedded. (a) Describe the energy transformations that occur as the bullet is cooled. What is the final temperature of the bullet? (b) What quantity of ice melts?

(a)

To determine

The energy transformation that occur as the bullet is cooled and the final temperature of the bullet.

Explanation

Apply principle of conservation of energy.

Change in kinetic energy of the bullet is converted into its equivalent heat energy. So, the heat energy from the change in kinetic energy of the bullet and the heat energy due to the cooling of bullet from 0°C to its final temperature cause the ice to melt

(b)

To determine

The quantity of ice melt.

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