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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Acetone, CH3COCH3, is a common laboratory solvent. It is usually contaminated with water, however. Why does acetone absorb water so readily? Draw molecular structures showing how water and acetone can interact. What intermolecular force(s) is(are) involved in the interaction?

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Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The intermolecular forces involved between acetone and water has to be drawn and explained. The reason for why acetone absorbs water readily has to be explained

Concept Introduction:

Intermolecular force: The attractive force that withholds two molecules is called as intermolecular force. The influence of intermolecular forces depends on molar mass and the functional group present in the molecule.

Hydrogen bonding is a type of dipole-dipole interaction of molecules when the hydrogen is bonded to strong electronegative atom in the molecules.

Explanation

Hydrogen bonding is a type of dipole-dipole interaction of molecules when the hydrogen is bonded to strong electronegative atom in the molecules.

The hydrogen bonding involved between two polar molecules (containing Hydrogen and highly electronegative atom, such as N, O, or F) is called as intermolecular hydrogen boding

The highly electronegative oxygen atom in the acetone forms hydroge...

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