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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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onsider the following statements: “The ionization energy for the potassium atom is negative because when K loses an electron to become K + , it achieves a noble, gas. electron configuration." Indicate everything that is correct in this statement. Indicate everything that is incorrect. Correct the mistaken information and explain the error.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The ionization energy of potassium is negative because when K loses an electron to become K+, it achieves a noble gas electron configuration.

The correct part and incorrect part of the statement should be predicted.

The mistaken part should be corrected.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization potential is an endothermic process as removal of electron from an atom involves needs energy to overcome the attraction of nucleus and the outermost electron.

Explanation

Ionization potential is always energy gaining process. It’s the energy required to remove an electron from the last shell of an atom in gaseous state.

To remove electron from atom work should be done to overcome the electrostatic force of attraction between effective nuclear charge and the last electron.

Potassium has electronic configuration is [Ar]4s1

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