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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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To which element does each of the following electron configurations correspond?

msp;  a .  1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3 s 2 3 p 2 b .  1 s 2 2 s 2 c .  1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 d .  1 s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3 s 2 3 p 6

(a)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the element with 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p2 electronic configuration.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configurations indicate the total number of electrons in an atom, the number of electrons is always equal to number of protons in a neutral atom. Hence, electronic configuration expresses the atomic number (number of protons) in an atom.

Explanation

The electronic configuration of any element gives total electrons in an atom which is always equal to atomic number of it. We can identify the element with the help of its atomic number. To get the total number of electrons from electronic configuration we have to add the number given in superscript of each orbital...

(b)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the element with 1s2, 2s2 electronic configuration.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configurations indicate the total number of electrons and in an atom, the number of electrons is always equal to number of protons in a neutral atom. Hence, electronic configuration expresses the atomic number (number of protons) in an atom.

(c)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the element with 1s2, 2s2, 2p6 electronic configuration.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configurations indicate the total number of electrons and in an atom, the number of electrons is always equal to number of protons in a neutral atom. Hence electronic configuration expresses the atomic number (number of protons) in an atom.

(d)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the element with 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p4 electronic configuration.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configurations indicate the total number of electrons and in an atom, the number of electrons is always equal to number of protons in a neutral atom. Hence electronic configuration expresses the atomic number (number of protons) in an atom.

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