Chapter 1.1, Problem 52E

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6th Edition

Daniel C. Alexander + 1 other

ISBN: 9781285195698

Textbook Problem

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*In Exercises 51 to 54, use Venn diagrams to determine whether the argument is valid or not valid.*

1) If an animal is a cat, then it makes a “meow” sound.

2) Tipper makes a “meow” sound.

C) Then Tipper is a cat.

To determine

Whether the argument is valid or not using Venn diagram.

Explanation

**Approach:**

Venn diagram:

When a Venn diagram is used to represent the statement “If *P*, then *Q*”, circle *P* lies in circle *Q*; that is, *P* is the subset of *Q*.

Using a Venn diagram, the statement “If *P*, then *Q*” is represented by the following diagram:

**Procedure:**

Let *C* = An animal which is a cat and *M* = An animal that makes “meow” sound.

The first statement “If an animal is a cat, then it makes a meow sound...

Sect-1.1 P-1ESect-1.1 P-2ESect-1.1 P-3ESect-1.1 P-4ESect-1.1 P-5ESect-1.1 P-6ESect-1.1 P-7ESect-1.1 P-8ESect-1.1 P-9ESect-1.1 P-10E

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P-1CRSect-1.CR P-2CRSect-1.CR P-3CRSect-1.CR P-4CRSect-1.CR P-5CRSect-1.CR P-6CRSect-1.CR P-7CRSect-1.CR P-8CRSect-1.CR P-9CRSect-1.CR P-10CRSect-1.CR P-11CRSect-1.CR P-12CRSect-1.CR P-13CRSect-1.CR P-14CRSect-1.CR P-15CRSect-1.CR P-16CRSect-1.CR P-17CRSect-1.CR P-18CRSect-1.CR P-19CRSect-1.CR P-20CRSect-1.CR P-21CRSect-1.CR P-22CRSect-1.CR P-23CRSect-1.CR P-24CRSect-1.CR P-25CRSect-1.CR P-26CRSect-1.CR P-27CRSect-1.CR P-28CRSect-1.CR P-29CRSect-1.CR P-30CRSect-1.CR P-31CRSect-1.CR P-32CRSect-1.CR P-33CRSect-1.CR P-34CRSect-1.CR P-35CRSect-1.CR P-36CRSect-1.CR P-37CRSect-1.CR P-38CRSect-1.CR P-39CRSect-1.CR P-40CRSect-1.CR P-41CRSect-1.CR P-42CRSect-1.CR P-43CRSect-1.CR P-44CRSect-1.CR P-45CRSect-1.CR P-46CRSect-1.CR P-47CRSect-1.CR P-48CRSect-1.CR P-49CRSect-1.CR P-50CRSect-1.CR P-51CRSect-1.CR P-52CRSect-1.CT P-1CTSect-1.CT P-2CTSect-1.CT P-3CTSect-1.CT P-4CTSect-1.CT P-5CTSect-1.CT P-6CTSect-1.CT P-7CTSect-1.CT P-8CTSect-1.CT P-9CTSect-1.CT P-10CTSect-1.CT P-11CTSect-1.CT 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